The city of Adoni is a business town as well as a municipality which is located in the Kurnool district in the state of Andhra Pradesh in the southern part of India. The town of Adoni is located at a distance of 225 kilometers from Hyderabad and 494 kilometers from Chennai by rail. The city of Adoni has a population of about 164,000 till 2005. Adoni was once a stronghold of the medieval Vijayanagar Empire. At present the town has a considerable textile industry. During the Islamic times the hill-fort in Adoni was an important seat of the government. The hill-fort is at present in ruins, but it was mentioned recurrently in the wars of the 18th Century. A Tour to Adoni will surely be memorable, more for its historical importance.
The city of Adoni was under the rule the Yadavas in the 16th Century. During the period of the Yadavas, Adoni was known as Yadavagiri. Later, during the Islamic rule, Yadavagiri changed into Adavani. Much later, again Adavani changed into Adoni. At the time of the British rule Adoni was in Bellary district of the Madras presidency. The city of Adoni is known as the grain market of the south. The town of Adoni is located at a height of 1427 feet above the sea level.