Bandhavgarh National Park lies on the extreme north-eastern border of the state of Madhya Pradesh. It falls between the outlying Vindhyan hill range and the Eastern Satpura Hills that run in an East-West direction, and is located in Umaria District. The Bandhavgarh National Park has an important place in the story of the conservation of Indian Wildlife.
Umaria district has a geographical area of 4548 sq.kms, and about 42% of the total area is covered by forests only. The district is rich in minerals, the most important being coal and 83% of the population resides in rural areas.
|India Wildlife Holidays|
|Conservation History||Bandhavgarh Fort|
|Wildlife in Bandhavgarh||Flora in Bandhavgarh|
|Fauna in Bandhavgarh||Birds in Bandhavgarh|
|How to Reach Bandhavgarh||Transport in Bandhavgarh|
|Climate in Bandhavgarh||Bandhavgarh Tours|
|In the Footsteps of the Tiger||India and Nepal Wildlife Safari|
|Land of the Tiger||Temple and Tiger Tour|
|Indian Tiger Tour||Bandhavgarh Picture Gallery|
|Camp Mewar||Taj Mahua Kothi|
|Nature Heritage Resort||Tiger Den|
|Tiger Trails||Bandhavgarh Jungle Lodge|
|Maharaja's Royal Retreat||Royal Tiger Resort|
|White Tiger Lodge||Anantvan Wildlife Resort|
|Mogli Jungle Resort||Jungle Mantra|
|More Wildlife Tour Packages|
Once the personal hunting ground of the Maharaja of Rewa, Bandhavgarh is famous as the home of the white tiger Mohan, which was found in these jungles, and which now lies stuffed and on display in the palace of the Maharaja of Rewa. It was from this tiger that captive breeding of white tigers was started, and now you have approximately 500 of them world-wide, of which pure bred are approximately 40, most of which are in India. White tigers are simply white-coloured Bengals, and not a separate subspecies of Indian Wildlife as many people think.
Bandhavgarh National Park gets its name from the tallest hill located amongst a chain of hills situated in the tourist zone of the Tala range. This hill is called Bandhavgarh and is located in the center of the reserve. This hill rises 811 meters above sea level, and is surrounded by smaller hills separated by gently sloping valleys. As this hill has vertical cliffs and a plateau on the top, it became a natural fort for the Baghela Kings, ancestors of the Maharajah of Rewa, who started their rule here in the 12th century.
The mean altitude is between 1444 feet (440 metres) and 2657 feet (810 metres), with the Fort being the highest point and the Park entrance, at Tala village being the lowest. These hills form a number of valleys and spurs, interspersed with a number of grassy meadows found in the low-lying areas. These intermingling grasslands, locally known as "baheras" provide good habitat for herbivores and hunting cover for predators. These grasslands that occupy the valley floor and favored by ungulates, are relics of village fields, which at one time existed here before they were relocated outside when the Bandhavgarh National Park was formed, to preserve threatened Indian Wildlife.
The geology is soft feldspathic sandstone with quartzite. The soil is generally sandy to sandy-loam. Because of this, rainwater percolates through the ground, forming a number of perennial streams and springs. More than twenty streams rise or flow through the park. Of these Umrar (forming the western boundry) is the largest. The other important streams are Johilla (eastern boundry), Janadh, Charanganga, Damnar, Banbei, Ambanala and Andhyari Jhiria. The Charanganga has its source at the Fort. All these streams eventually flow into the river Son, which is an important tributary to the Ganges.
There are about 100 villages around the Bandhavgarh National Park. As they lack any good grazing ground for their cattle, tremendous grazing pressure exists on the Reserve. While poaching of wild animals inside the core area is almost non-existent, animals moving out into the buffer area do get killed occasionally by some communities who have been killing and eating wild animals since ages and have not yet changed their thinking. Poachers also take advantage of any opportunity to kill the endangered Indian Wildlife.
Two roads pass through the Reserve, and as there is a lot of vehicular movement on these roads, even during the night, numerous animals get killed in road accidents.
Herbivores raid the cultivated areas of adjoining villages, while livestock also form part of tiger prey. Compensation is paid immediately as per rules, if any cattle is killed by Tiger or Leopard in the area open for grazing.
Indian Holiday offers Indian Wildlife Tours to Bandhavgarh National Park. To book a tour or for more information, please enter your query in the form below.