The small state of Kerala has diverse geographical features that include rivers and other interlocking waterways such as the backwaters. It is home to a variety of fauna and flora that contributes to the rich ecosystem of this state. Wildlife parks are not only animal conservation zones but also known for their ecotourism.
The picturesque landscape of Kerala impresses tourists both from the Indian subcontinent and across the world. Kerala tourismis focused mainly on its beaches, backwaters, houseboat industry and Ayurveda. It has also emerged as a hot spot for medical tourism with low cost treatments and several Ayurveda resorts offering holistic services. This state unveils a number of destinations apt for tourist activities. Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram are examples of cities where old and new peacefully coexist. Kottayam, Palakad, Wayanad and Thekkady have several historical attractions besides featuring expansive rubber plantations.
The major attractions here have enhanced tourism activities over the years. They include:
Backwaters is the reason why most tourists plan their holiday here. It is a unique network of rivers, canals and other water bodies surrounded by greenery and small villages. It is a chain of inland waterways that includes five major lakes and canals that are fed by at least 38 rivers. Vembanad is the largest lake that merges with the backwaters in its course. Kettuvallam or the houseboats here offer extraordinary cruises. You can opt for backwater tours with Indian Holiday.
The prominent backwater locations include the Kottayam district, Kumarakom, Kozhikode, Alleppey and Kollam. Alleppey, also known as Alappuzha is aptly named the Venice of the East.
Significant variations of the Kerala terrain results in the different climate in its higher and lower elevations. Flora and fauna mostly thrives along the Western Ghats. There are also protected areas for wildlife conservation in the form of sanctuaries and national parks. Drawing adventure lovers throughout the year, these wildlife reserves contribute to the Kerala tourism industry. They play host to rare and endangered species of animals, migratory birds, reptiles and aquatic fauna. Recent developments at the Periyar National Park include a separate zone for ecotourism and safari tours. This enables visitors to enjoy boating and ropeway rides inside the park. Other important wildlife centers here include the Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary, Eravikulam National Park and the Silent Valley National Park.
Featuring around 580 km of coastline on the western banks of the Arabian Sea, Kerala beachesare popular for a number of reasons. They are tranquil and apt for a romantic holiday. Hotels and restaurants here are at convenient locations and are the best places to enjoy a tropical ambience. These factors have influenced beach tourism in Kerala. Kovalam is a hot spot for foreign tourists followed by Alappuzha Beach, Fort Kochi and the Muzhappilangad Beach at Kannur.
|Tourism in India|