The southern part of the Indian subcontinent earlier known as Dravida is believed by many to be the homeland to the Dravidians, the original inhabitants of India whom the Aryans invaded and conquered. Though predominantly a Hindu state since the pre historic times, the Christian missionaries who set about spreading Christianity in the Indian subcontinent were quite successful in the southern part of India which accounts for a sizeable number of churches in Tamil Nadu.
The Major Churches in Tamil Nadu
San Thome Cathedral Basilica on the southern end of Marina Beach is dedicated to patron saint St. Thomas an apostle of Christ who is believed to have come to Madras sometime during 52 AD. The church boasts of a 3ft. high statue of Virgin Mary which is believed to have been brought from Portugal in 1543.
St Mary's Church in Chennai is the oldest Anglican Church in India. It was built in 1680 and the tombstones in its courtyard are said to be the oldest British tombstones in India.
St John's Church was built in 1812 and has louvre doors which open to convert it into airy pavilion. This church is located near the Theppakulam.
C.S.I. Holy Cross Church, which is more than 120 years old and was originally called the Perambur Railway Church. This was when it was under the railway authorities.
Other Churches in Tamil Nadu
- St. George's Cathedral
- Velankanni Church
- By Road: Tamil Nadu has a road network of nearly 1.70 lakh km. Private bus operators along with a number of government buses link the important cities and ply the entire south. Inter-state buses run by the State Express Transport Corporation connect Chennai with the states of Karnataka, Kerala, and Andhra Pradesh.
- By Rail: With its focal point at Chennai, the Southern Railways has a network that covers a large area of the Southern Peninsula of India. The states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Pondicherry, a major portion of Karnataka and a part of Andhra Pradesh are covered by the network. The Chennai Central railway station is just 5 km away from the city centre. Other important rail junctions include Madurai, Tiruchirapalli, Salem, and Coimbatore.
- By Air: The Chennai international airport, handles domestic flights to 20 destinations along with international flights to destinations like Frankfurt, London and so on.
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