Golconda, the ancient ruined city of South India is located in the western part of Hyderabad. Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah Wali was the person, who was behind the construction of this city. The Qutb Kings ruled this city from the year of 1512. This fortified city was built to protect themselves from the Mughals, who invaded India through the northern part. Golconda is frequented by travelers from all parts of the country.
There are several imposing edifices and architectural splendor, which make this city one of the major heritage and historic sites in India. The Golconda Fort is the most important structure in Golconda in Hyderabad. At this fort, you can find ruins of the architectures that date back to 800 years. This fort upholds the rich history of the city of Golconda. It is a beautiful and impressive fortress in India that was built during the 13th century. The massive structure of the Golconda Fort is fortified by walls made up of granite stones. The walls are built in concentric circles to fortify the defense of the fort of Golconda.
Known for its rich historic past, Golconda is a well fortified city. The huge walls of the Golconda Fort, which were built to check the enemy aggression, continue for about 10 miles in length. The width of the walls also varies between 17 to 34 feet. Within the campus of the Golconda fort, you can find beautiful edifices like palace, a mosque, a parade ground and an armory.
In and around Golconda in Hyderabad, you can also find several tourist hotspots like Taramathi Gana Mandir, Premamathi Nritya Mandir, Tombs of the Qutub Shahi Bala, Hissar Darwaza Toli Masjid.
Golconda is said to be rich in diamonds and it is commonly believed that the world famous Kohinoor diamond came from the market of Golconda. It is said that once it had the only diamond mines in the country. It had a huge market of diamonds and was known all over the world. Diamond trading is an important activity of the people of Golconda. Some of the world famous diamonds, which are extracted from the Golconda mines are the following:
- Darya-e Nur
- Nur-Ul-Ain Diamond
- The Koh-i-noor
- The Hope Diamond
- The Regent Diamond
It will be a great experience visiting this heritage and historic site in India.