One of the major heritage and historic sites in India is the Qutub Minar. This tower is located in Mehrauli in South Delhi. Thousands of travelers from all over the world visit this beautiful and imposing piece of architecture that reflects the rich cultural heritage of the country. The construction of this monument was started by Qutub-ud-din Aibak in the year 1199 and was completed by his successor and son in law Shamsu'd-Din- Iltutmish.
Qutub Minar in Delhi is known to be the highest brick tower in the whole world. It is a five story structure, which withstood the tests of time. It is because of the impressive structure and cultural richness that it is counted among the World Heritage Site. It measures about 72.5 meters in length. The base diameter measures 14.3 meters while its top diameter is of 2.7 meters. To reach the top of the monument, you need to climb 379 steps. The top two storeys are built of marble and sand stone while the next three stories are built using red sand stone.
Qutub Minar was built to spread the prominence of the Islam religion. But another source says that it was built for the defense and fortification of the city. From the Arabic inscriptions on the walls of the Qutub Minar, you can get a glimpse of the historical importance of the monument. The structure of the monument is constructed maintaining the Indo Islamic style of architecture.
There are several structures, which are located within the campus of the Qutub Minar, which are equally significant and important. Some of the major constructions within the Qutub Minar compound are the following:
- Iron Pillar
- Alai Minar
- Tomb of Illtumish
- Alai Darwaza
- Ala-ud-din Madrasa
- Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque
Tourists also find these structures very interesting and exciting. Tourists have lots of things to know from these structures. There are several madrasas, graves, tombs and mosques as well near the Qutub Minar. Of all the structures, Iron Pillar is the most important. Built in the 4th Century AD, it still stands strong and erect as ever. Qutub Minar remains open for the public from sunrise to sunset.