Red Fort is one of the finest buildings in India that has great historical significance. Known as one of the major heritage and historic sites in India, Red Fort is a magnificent structure that was built by the great Mughal emperor Shah Jehan in the 1639 AD. From the year of 2007, it has been recognized as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Also known as Lal Qila, it is one of the most frequented tourist destination in India. It is from Red Fort that the honorable Prime Minister of India hoists national flag and addresses the country on 15th August.
Red Fort in Delhi is a typical Mughal architecture that upholds the rich cultural heritage of India. You can get to know about the style and design of that period. There were lots of renovation works after the first war of Independence. It was built by Shah Jahan in his own city of Shahjahanabad. The work of this impressive structure began in 1638 and was completed in 1648.
It is one of the beautiful structures that was built by Shah Jahan after shifting his capital to Shahjahanabad from Agra. The Mughal architecture and style that are reflected in this structure tells us about the typical Mughal art. From the banks of Yamuna, you can see the impressive building of Red Fort. Within the compound of the Red Fort, you will find various other Mughal architectures. Built of red sandstone, the massive walls of Red Fort are coated with moats, which are fed by the waters of Yamuna River. At the close proximity to the Red Fort, you can find the Salimgarh Fort at the north eastern corner.
The huge building is propped up by huge and strong pillars. The walls of the Red fort measure about 2.5 kilometers in length and rise up 16 meters to 33 meters. The architectural style of the Red Fort is a typical combination of Persian, European and Indian style of art. Red Fort shows the authentic Shah Jahani style. Some of the major structures within the Red Fort compound include the following:
- Naqqar Khana
- Moti Masjid
- Khas Mahal
- Hayat Bakhsh Bagh
There are two gates that open from Red Fort, which are named Delhi Gate and Lahore Gate. Chatta Chowk is located close to the fort.