Recognized as one of the most prominent monuments, Agra Fort finds place among the major historic buildings of India. You can sight this magnificent structure at the historic city of Agra. It has been counted as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO. This huge edifice is an enormous fortified city that was once a residential place of the great Mughal emperors like Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jehangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb.
The most of the construction work of Agra Fort started during the reigning period of Akbar. It was in 1156 that the construction work started and was completed in the year of 1605. This magnificent structure sprawls along around 2.5 kilometers.
The Agra Fort is also known as Red Fort or Lal Qila because of the red sandstone, with which it was built. Located at the banks of Yamuna River, this architectural structure was built in a semicircle plane. The huge walls rise up to 70 feet in height.
The grand and massive edifice of Agra Fort has two huge gates, which are Delhi Gate and Lahore Gate or the Amar Singh Gate. Tourists use the Lahore Gate to get inside the Agra Fort. The Delhi Gate is not meant for the public and previously it was used by the kings to enter the fort.
Within the Agra Fort, you will get to see several structures and edifices, which has great historical importance. Here, you will be introduced to the rich historic cultural past of the country. There are more than 500 buildings inside the huge fort area. These buildings were constructed keeping in mind the style and design of Gujarat and Bengal. This Indo-Islamic fort houses the following structures:
Diwan-i-Aam (Hall of Public Audience), Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience), Khas Mahal, Shah Jahani Mahal, Anguri Bagh, Nagina Masjid (Gem Mosque), Naubat Khana (Drum House), Zenana Mina Bazaar (Ladies Bazaar), Sheesh Mahal (Glass Palace), Mina Masjid (Heavenly Mosque), Macchi Bhawan (Fish Enclosure), Rang Mahal, Musamman Burj, Pearl Mosque, Golden Pavilions, Jahangiri Mahal, and Shahi Burj.
In 2004, Agra Fort bagged the Aga Khan award for its exquisite architectural style. It holds a great political and historic importance and has retained all its brilliance and charm to this day. For the public to see, the Agra Fort remains open all the day. Pay a nominal amount as entrance fee to Agra Fort.