If you are planning your next vacation to Rajasthan, then include a trip to Chittorgarh and visit the majestic Chittorgarh Fort. The fort is situated beside a high hill near the Gambheri River in the southern part of the state of Rajasthan.
The Chittorgarh Fort in Rajasthan tells the tale of the history of Chittor. This fort is a massive structure suspended on a 180 m high hill. It covers an area of over 700 acres. The gateways were built by the Maurya rulers in 7th century A.D. There are four main gates which are named as Padal Pol, Bhairon Pol, Hanuman Pol and Ram Pol.
The monuments in the Chittorgarh Fort are fine examples of the Rajput architecture. The chhatris remind us of the Rajput heroism. The ancient ruins of the fort tell the saga of bravery, resolve and sacrifice. Chittorgarh and its ruins tells the tale of great Rajput rulers who did not submit to their enemy and laid down their lives fighting with them.
History of Chittorgarh Fort
During the eighth century, Chittorgarh, earlier known as Chitrakut, was the capital of the local Sisodia clan of Rajputs. Muslim rulers had sacked Chittorgarh three times in the medieval period. First, Ala-ud-din Khilji, the Sultan of Delhi in 1303 laid siege of the Chittorgarh Fort to capture the beautiful Padmini, the queen of Chittorgarh. But, Bhim Singh, the ruler of Chittorgarh, sacrificed his and his men's lives. The women, including Padmini and the children, committed mass suicide or jauhar inside the fort. They chose to give up their lives by sacrificing themselves on a huge pyre, rather than giving up their honor at the hands of the enemy.
Later in the middle of the 15th century, when Chittorgarh was ruled by the Rajput ruler, Rana Kumbha, the Vijay Stambh (Victory Tower) was built to commemorate Rana Kumbha's victory over Mahmud Khilji, the ruler of Malwa. Bahadur Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat again sacked Chittorgarh in 1535. This time also many women and rajput soldiers committed jauhar an sacrificed their lives.
In 1568, the great Mughal emperor Akbar defeated the two Rajput generals, Jaimal and Kalla and captured Chittorgarh. During the siege Maharana Udai Singh II, the ruler of Chittorgarh, fled to Udaipur and re-established his rule.