Located in the capital city of Delhi, Red Fort is counted as one of the finest historic building of India. This impressive edifice is a magnificent building, which was built by the great Mughal emperor Shah Jehan in the 1639 AD. Also known as Lal Qila, this impressive edifice has been recognized as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2007. The Red Fort tells us a lot about the historic past of our country.
Red Fort in Delhi depicts the grandness of the Mughal architecture. It tells us about the style and design of that period of time. The building underwent various changes and renovation after the first war of Independence. Shah Jahan built this beautiful structure within his own capital city of Shahjahanabad. The construction work of the red Fort started in the year of 1638 and it was finished in the year of 1648.
After shifting his new capital to Shahjahanabad from Agra, Shah Jahan built numerous imposing structures and brilliant architectural pieces in his new capital. Within the capital, you can find numerous Mughal architectures, which are equally impressive. Red Fort can be sited on the banks of the River Yamuna.
The huge walls of Red Fort are covered with moats, which are nurtured by the waters of the Yamuna River. Close to the Red fort, you can find the Salimgarh Fort at the north eastern corner of the fort.
The Red Fort in Delhi was so named after the red sandstones with which it is built. The building is supported by huge and strong pillars. These are also built of red sandstone. The walls of the Red fort extend for about 2.5 kilometers and rise up to the height between 16 meters to 33 meters. The structure of the Red fort depicts the combination of the Persian, European and Indian style of art. You can find the typical Shah Jahani style in this magnificent edifice. Within the Red fort, you can find a number of structures which are worth visiting. These structures are major tourist attractions as well. Some of the major structures include:
- Naqqar Khana
- Khas Mahal
- Moti Masjid
- Hayat Bakhsh Bagh
- The Fort Today
The Red fort opens to two gates, namely Delhi Gate and Lahore Gate. The Lahore Gate is the main gate will take you to the main bazaar area named Chatta Chowk. This place is if great historical importance and is a national pride. It is from where the honorable Prime Minister hoists the national flag and addresses the country on 15th August.