Gir National Park, Gujarat is the home for the Asiatic Lion in India. It is the only national park and wild life sanctuary that nurtures the lions in India. Covering a total area of 258 square kilometers for the protected area, Gir National Park has 1153 square kilometers of sanctuary area. This national park is the most important one in India as it protects some of the rarest species.
Gir National Park, Gujarat came into being in the year of 1965 and is situated in the Junagadh city in the Kathiawar peninsula of the Indian state of Gujarat state. Various NGOs and the Government forest department take various efforts to protect the wide range of flora and fauna of the national park. Wildlife activists take various measures to keep the forest area free from poachers and also take care of the wild lives in the forest. The conservation of the Asiatic lions is the sole aim of the Gir National Park. Hunting is strictly prohibited in this forest.
It has been recorded in the April 2005 census that there are about 359 lions in the Gir National Park. Various lion breeding programs are arranged so as to increase the number of lions in the park. Lions are bred both within the park as well as in the surrounding area. Since its setting up, about 180 lions have been bred within the Gir National Park.
Gir National Park, Gujarat is dotted with various species of wild lives. Here, you can find about 2375 different types of wild lives. There are 38 species of mammals, 37 species of reptiles, 300 species of birds and 2000 species of insects. Some of the major animals, which can be found in their wilderness, are Asiatic lions, Leopards, Jungle cat, Hyenas, Jackals, Mongoose, Civet cats, Ratels, Desert cats and Rusty-spotted cats. You can also spot Chital, Nilgai, Sambar, Indian Star Tortoise, Blackbucks, Four-horned Antelope, Porcupine, Pythons, Monitor Lizard, Marsh crocodile, Chinkara and Wild boar in their natural habitat.
Diverse ranges of birds are also found in the Gir National Park, Gujarat. Some of them are Vultures, Crested Serpent Eagle, Great Horned Owl, endangered Bonelli's Eagle, Brown Fish Owl, Crested Hawk-eagle, Bush Quail, Black-headed Oriole, Indian Grey Hornbill, Pygmy Woodpecker, Crested Treeswift and Indian Pitta.