Bhuj derives its name from the Bhujia fortress, which overlooks the city from a nearby hill. The history of Bhuj can be traced back to the time of the Naga Chieftain. History of Bhuj boasts of remaining the witness to many important events that have created an impact on the human civilization. Historical Background of Bhuj claims to have seen the social upcoming as the Indus Valley civilization, in context of the spiritual and religion, Bhuj has stood the witness of the exile of the Pandawas during the Mahabharata and the political invasion with the coming of the Alexander the Great.
The city of Bhuj was founded in 1510 by the local ruler Maharao Hamir. From the mid sixteenth century with the coming up of the Jadeja Rajput rulers Bhuj stood more important as a city than it was. Bhuj was made the capital during the reign of Rao Khengarji I in the year 1549.
During the British rule in India, Bhuj remained an independent princely state. In the year 1947 when India gained independence Bhuj became a part of India.
Bhuj's history is clearer from the monuments and the "havelis" that stands with great pride as a traditional building in today's contemporary world. Traces of the elegance of the majestic Jadeja Dynasty that ruled over Bhuj is evident from the palaces and the "havelis" that were built during that time.
History of Gujarat in Bhuj in India remains incomplete without mentioning the fact that the city has been tormented by two deadly earthquakes. The spirit of the people living in Bhuj is clear from the fact that the city has restored its life and color by rebuilding the city. The earthquake of 1819 and 2001 had hit the city badly.