The Bihu Festivals is one of the most popular festivals of Assam, a north-eastern state in India. The Bihus are the most important festivals of Assam, which are celebrated each year with loads of fun and abundance. Of the three Bihu Festivals held in Assam, the Rongali Bihu Festival is celebrated in Spring. The Assamese people, irrespective of caste, creed, faith, religion and belief, take part in the Bihu Festival.
History of Bohag Bihu (Rongali Bihu)
The Rongali Bihu Festival is also known as ‘Bohaag Bihu’ and is considered as the Festival of Merriment. The Rongali Bihu Festival in Assam is celebrated to mark the beginning of the New Year, which is the time of sowing seeds. The Assam Rongali Bihu Festival is the spring time Bihu and has sub-divisions as well. The first day of Festival Rongali Bihu in Assam is called the Garu Bihu, when bull and cows are bathed with turmeric, fed with gourds and brinjals and provided with new attaching ropes. The second day of the Rongali Bihu festival is called the Manush Bihu, when men, women and children put on new clothes. Special dishes are prepared at every home for feasts and destitutes receive contributions from the well-off people. During the Assam Rongali Bihu Festival, people visit their friends and relatives with food items and gifts. The close relatives and friends are also gifted with hand-woven scarves.
The Rongali Bihu Festival is just a part of the Bihu Festival of Assam which continues for seven days. Apart from the feasts and other features, the main attraction of the festival is the Bihu Dancing, during which visitors are served with rice-beer.
The Rongali Bihu Festival in Assam begins in the middle of the month of April, which is the last day of the month of Chaitra according to the Hindu calendar.