Navroz Festival(Last Updated 05 Aug, 2021)
Navroz is the Iranian New Year, which is widely known as the Persian New Year is celebrated worldwide by some religious groups. The festival is celebrated on the first of Farvardin - Zoroastrian calendar’s first month and the onset of spring. Listed in UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity of India, the festival is also known as Nowrouz, Navruz, Nauroz, Novruz, Nevruz, and Nooruz.
The festival commences at the vernal equinox stroke, the time when the sun passes through the equator. This year, it falls on March 21. Although the date of Navroz Festival falls in March worldwide, India celebrates it in August as well. The second date of Navroz Festival is calculated according to the Shahen Shahi calendar, which is 17th August. It is celebrated in Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, India, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. In India, it is mostly celebrated in Gujarat and Maharashtra.
The tradition began some 3000 years ago and is baptized after the Persian King, Jamshed who introduced the Parsi calendar. Thus, the name - Jamshed-i-Nouroz. King Jamshed was held on high for his righteousness and truthfulness. So, Parsis also celebrate the king on the festival signifying walking on the virtuous path and live truthfully.
All over the world, the Parsi community and various sects of Muslims (Sunni and Shia, both) celebrate Navroz.
Celebrations of Navroz
Celebrations take place while following traditions and rituals of Navroz festival. Parsis pray at Atash Behram (Fire of Victory- the highest fire grade fire that can be placed in a Zoroastrian fire temple as an eternal flame). Parsi high priest, Dasturji Feroze Kotwal says that the most important aspect of the day is to instill good thoughts, do good deeds, and speak good words.
Homes are tastefully decorated with flowers and lights, and other decorative items. Symbolic patterns like fish are drawn outside homes to attract good luck and prosperity. People also keep fish in a bowl inside their houses. For productivity, they keep a silver coin, painted eggs, and an earthenware plate with sprouted beans or wheat inside houses.
After praying, people enjoy a get-together with friends and families at each other’s houses. People also invite guests to grace the festive celebrations at their homes. Guests are welcomed by sprinkling rose water on them as a gesture to keep relations amicable. The fragrance of incense sticks adds to the ambiance. People offer charity and exchange gifts.
Nowruz is also a time for cleaning homes, getting new clothes, visiting loved ones, and renewing their bonds. On the 13th day of the New Year, the celebrations finally end.
Nauroz celebrations have a feast as their highlight. People gather around Haftseen - a ceremonial table. Everyone holds hands, count to the New Year, and greet Eide Shoma Mobarak (Happy New Year) to each other.
The haftseen table is a quite new addition to Nowruz as a tradition. Every household decorates the table with seven items as seven is considered an auspicious number. Each of these items symbolizes renewal and spring, and begins with the letter sin (s) in Persian. These items are -
- Seeb (apple), representing beauty
- Seer (garlic), representing good health
- Serkeh (vinegar), representing patience
- Sonbol (hyacinth), representing spring
- Samanu (sweet pudding), representing fertility
- Sabzeh (sprouts), representing rebirth
- Sekeh (coins), representing prosperity
Haftseen tables can also include a Quran, a mirror and candles, a poetry book, and various fruits and sweets. There are other items that begin with the alphabet ‘s’ and used for décor such as senjed (dried fruit of Lotus tree, representing love) and spice sumac (its gold color represents sunrise).
Lip-smacking culinary delights are also prepared to add flavors to the celebrations. Some of these treats are Haleem, Dhansak, Saffron Pulao, smoked fish and herbed rice, Farchas, Sali Boti, and accompaniments like saaria. People also gorge upon caramel custard and falooda.
I pray for you and your family's happiness and well-being. May you all have an amazing year ahead. Happy Parsi New Year!
Sending you warm wishes and good luck on New Year! Happy Parsi New Year!
Wish your dear ones with the best of Parsi New Year wishes messages that promise to fill their lives with happiness in this fresh year!
May this Navroz bring happiness, well-being, and prosperity to you.
May this year mark the beginning of new avenues for you.
Have a blessed Parsi New Year.
May love, bravery, wisdom, contentment, health, patience, and cleanliness be by your side.
May Navroz lights take away your sorrows and bring eternal light of happiness.
May this Navroz bring along brighter days for you….. May you enjoy this occasion with memorable celebrations…..Wishing you Navroz Mubarak!!!
May the glory of King spread all over,
May Lord praise us in galore,
Let’s pray for happiness and prosperity…
May this Parsi New Year give us Happiness.
Happy Parsi New Year and Navroz Mubarak!
Sending my warm wishes for a happy Navroz! May the day bring you good fortune and success. May God bless you today and forever.