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History of Jabalpur

The History of Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh is a significant one. It is one of the most important cities of the State of Madhya Pradesh. It got its name from being the native land of greeat 'Jabali Rishi'. The city was the capital of the Gond rulers. In the ancient times it was known as Tripuri under the governance of The Hayahaya rulers. 

The Mahabharata has a reference to the great city of Jabalpur. In later times it became a part of the Gupta and the Mauryan Empire. The Kalchuri dynesty took over the place in AD 875 and made it their capital. In the 13th century the Gonds won it over and made it their capital. By 16th century Jabalpur turned into the powerful kingdom of Gondwana. This illustrous region also witnessed invation from the Mughal forces. Legendary Gond Queen Rani Durgavati died fighting the Mughal forces under the leadership of Mughal Emperor Akhbar.The Marathas finally won the place in a battle that occured in 1789. The British took command of Jabalpur in 1817 and turned it into the commisioned headquarters of the territories of Narmada and also established a cantontment.

The city of Jabalpur has many great places like the Madan Mohan Fort which was built by the Gond ruler Madan Shah in 1116. Sangram Sagar and the Bajana Math were built by the Gond ruler Sangram Shah between 1480 and 1540. There is also the Mala Devi Mandir which was built in the 12th century.

The Chausat Yogini Temple situated on the top of a hillock is a 10th century structure and gives an all new dimention to the History of Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh. It has some of the best carved stone figures of deities belonging to the period of the Kalachuris. A local Legend says that the ancient temple is connected to the palace of Queen Durgavati through an underground passage.

An important event in the History of Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh was the holding of the Tripuri Congress session of 1939 which was presided by Subhas Chandra Bose. After the country attained independence in 1947 Jabalpur or the Central Province and Berar was turned into the Stayte of Madhya Pradesh.


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