Assam settled at the base of the Himalayas and blessed by the Brahmaputra River is one of the top biodiversity spots in India. There are several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in Assam that attract many wildlife lovers from all over the world.
Wildlife in Assam is a heterogeneous mixture of a variety of landscapes, vegetation, birds, and animals. The suitable climatic conditions have made it the abode of nature and inhabitants. Assam is home to many rare and endangered endemic wildlife like the Pygmy hog, which is only found in India. The other unique species you can see in a wildlife sanctuary in Assam include Great One-Horned Rhinoceroses, Hoolock Gibbon, Wild Water Buffalo, Hog Deer, Golden Langur, and Ganges Dolphin.
The popular wildlife reserves in Assam include the Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Nameri National Park, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, etc.
Assam wildlife sanctuaries and national parks are home to the maximum number of big cats in India, such as Indian Tigers, Indian Leopard, Clouded Leopard, and the Black Panther. The biodiversity hosts more than 450 species of birds and 5 species of deer can be spotted with significant populations of large herbivores of Barasingha.
Two of the largest snakes in the world, the reticulated python and rock python inhabit the wilderness, and 9 primate species, including the only ape found in India, the hoolock gibbon, call the state home. Seven species of turtle and tortoise including the endemic Assam roofed turtle are found here.
Take a look at Famous National Parks of Assam
Kaziranga National Park in Assam
Kaziranga National Park in Assam is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is famous worldwide for achieving success in the conservation of the one-horned Indian Rhinoceros. Besides, it also provides a habitat for a number of threatened species and migratory birds.
Spread over 430sq. km, Kaziranga National Park is among the top national parks of Assam that is gifted with a wide variety of flora and fauna. Some of the fauna found here include great Indian one-horned rhino, pygmy hog, royal Bengal tiger, elephant, swamp deer, gangetic dolphin, wild buffalo, and golden langur, besides others. The forests of Kaziranga are also divided into three major types.
Wildlife safari in Kaziranga National Park brings visitors close to wild beasts, birds, and rare flora and fauna, which is perfect for wildlife adventurers. You can also go for wildlife spotting on an elephant’s back. Plus, there are numerous forest lodges and resorts that offer the perfect mix of relaxation and adventures.
The best time to visit the park is between November to April. The week-long Kaziranga Elephant Festival held in December is also ideal for visits. For more information about Kaziranga National Park in Assam, click here.
Manas National Park
A UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site in India, Manas National Park in Assam allures visitors to its natural beauty. Home to more than 20 endangered species, this national park is spread over an area of 500sq. Km and consists of extensive grasslands. It is set at the foothills of the Bhutan-Himalayas and is blessed with rich biodiversity.
Being a game reserve since 1928, this sanctuary in Assam became a Tiger Reserve in 1974 and further, a World Heritage Site in 1985, before being finally declared a National Park in 1990.
The Manas National Park is home to 450 species of birds, 36 reptiles, 55 mammals, and 3 amphibians. The popular inhabitants include the Indian Tigers, Indian Rhinoceros, Asian Elephants, Leopards, Black Panther, Asian Golden Cat, Barking Deer, Hornbill, Pelicans, etc.
This national park of Assam also houses one of the world's rarest simian species, the Golden Langur and Pygmy hog, found nowhere else in the world. Safaris in this park allow an up-close view of the wildlife in their natural habitat. Read more about Manas National Park here.
Nameri National Park
Nameri National Park is set at the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas. Bordering Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, it is located along the banks of a tributary of River Brahmaputra. Spread over 344 sq. km, the national park is blessed with biodiversity.
The habitat of Nameri National Park comprises tropical evergreen, semi-evergreen, moist deciduous forests, bamboo, and open grassland along rivers. The sanctuary is a popular Tiger Reserve. Animals found here are Leopard, Elephant, Gaur, Wild Pigs, Sambar, Barking Deer, Hispid hare, Capped Langur, Sloth Bear, etc.
The park is home to 300 avian species including several rare bird species comprising the endangered White Winged Wood duck. A huge variety of butterflies, including the prized Atlas Moth, considered the largest moth in the world, calls it home. Safaris are in demand for the diversity of wildlife. Fishing is a popular activity as it is well-known to fish for the golden Mahseer. Here is the detailed information about Nameri National Park.
Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park
Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park is the oldest game reserve in Assam. It is spread over 78.81 sq km of alluvial flood plains of the many rivers. The park is an integral part of the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot. It was once occupied by the tribal population but abandoned due to an epidemic breakout in the region. Today, it is an important breeding ground for many fish varieties as many as 50. Mammals, reptiles, amphibians, avians, and flora inhabit the sanctuary.
Mammals found here are one-horned Rhinoceros, Tiger, Maljuria Elephants, Hog Deer, Wild Pig, Civet Cat, Porcupine, and Gangetic Dolphin. 222 species of birds have so far been recorded. Some birds identified are Spot Billed Pelican, White Pelican, Greater Adjutant Stork, Pintail Duck, Bengal Florican, etc. Migratory birds are also spotted. The best time to visit is November to April, the park offers exciting adventures. Click to read more about Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park.
Take a look at Famous Wildlife Sanctuary in Assam
Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary Assam
Among the best national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in Assam is Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary. Located in the Kokrajhar and Dhubri districts in Assam, this wildlife sanctuary is a must-visit place for wildlife lovers. It spreads across an area of 45,688 sq. km over the Chakrashila Hills and treats visitors with spectacular views. Further, Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary was announced to be a reserve forest in 1966. However, in 1994, it received recognition from Assam’s state government and became a wildlife sanctuary.
This Assam wildlife sanctuary houses the endangered Golden Langur. You can spot them wandering in their natural habitat. The Beel and Diplai Beel lakes are located close by and the sanctuary also provides shelter to species like Golden Langur, Indian Flying Fox, Chinese Pangolin, Rhesus Macaque, Indian Pipistrelle, Bengal Fox, Asiatic Jackal, Hornbill, among others.
Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary Assam
This is one of the best wildlife sanctuaries in Assam that attracts many nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts. Established in 1997, Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary is a separate area in Assam and is situated amidst the spectacular Assam tea gardens and vast grasslands.
Standing proudly for decades now, Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary offers one of the best wildlife experiences to travelers from different areas of India. If you want to spend time in nature and watch the wildlife species in their natural habitat wandering around, plan a visit to Assam’s Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary.
You can witness extremely rare gibbons in India that are hoolock gibbons. Also, the only nocturnal monkey and the Bengal Slow Loris are also housed in Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary. If you have kids, it is an amazing wildlife sanctuary in Assam to visit.
Deepor Beel Wildlife Sanctuary
Encircled by lush greenery, Deepor Beel Bird Sanctuary is a paradise for birdwatchers. Deepor Beel meaning wetland or a large aquatic body in the Assam language is located about 10 km southwest of Guwahati in Assam. It is also said to be one of the largest and most significant riverine wetlands in the Brahmaputra Valley of lower Assam. Thus, it has sparkling water bodies. It houses more than 120 species of colorful and vibrant birds. Whether it is a local or tourists, the beauty of this bird sanctuary in Assam is appreciated by everyone.
Kingfishers, adjutant stork, fishing eagles, and abundant ducks can be spotted at Deepor Beel Bird Sanctuary. This wildlife sanctuary in Assam is also one of the platforms for migratory birds in India and sees some of the largest gatherings of aquatic birds in Assam, especially in winter. Wintertime gets a bit crowded due to its richness of avian fauna and the beauty of this place is unlike any other.
Deepor Beel Wildlife Sanctuary in Assam has been selected as one of the Important Bird Area (IBA) sites by Birdlife International. Not just this but it also has been considered as a Ramsar Site in November 20021. So, you can plan a trip to this Assam wildlife sanctuary and watch the species of birds up close in their natural surroundings.
Frequently Asked Questions about Assam Wildlife
Ans. There are 17 wildlife sanctuaries in Assam you can visit to explore the rich wildlife.
Ans. Assam has 5 national parks that include Kaziranga National Park, Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, Manas National Park, Nameri National Park, and Dibru-Saikhowa National Park.