Assam, settled at the base of Himalayas and blessed by the Brahmaputra River is one of top biodiversity spots in India. The state is home to several wildlife sanctuaries and national parks. Wildlife in Assam are a heterogeneous mixture of a variety of landscapes, vegetation, birds and animals. The suitable climatic conditions has made it the adobe of nature and inhabitants.
Assam is home to many rare and endangered endemic wildlife. Pygmy hog is only found in India. The other unique species includes Great One-Horned Rhinoceroses, Hoolock Gibbon, Wild Water Buffalo, Hog Deer, Golden Langur and Ganges Dolphin.
The popular wildlife reserves include the Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Nameri National Park, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park etc.
Assam is home to maximum number of big cats in India, such as Indian Tigers, Indian Leopard, Clouded Leopard and the Black Panther. The Biodiversity hosts more than 450 species of birds. 5 species of deer can be spotted with significant populations of large herbivores of Barasingha. Two of the largest snakes in the world, the reticulated python and rock python inhabit the wilderness. 9 primate species, including the only ape found in India, the hoolock gibbon call the state home. Seven species of turtle and tortoise including the endemic Assam roofed turtle are found here.