Aurangabad Caves are dedicated to Buddhism and were carved out of basalt rock during 6th or 7th century. At a short distance from a popular tourist attraction of Aurangabad, Bibi ka Maqbara, these monuments are protected by the Archeological Survey of India. Most of the caves are Viharas. There are tales of Jataka depicted through inscriptions in the Cave 4. And Cave 7 has inscriptions of bejeweled women, but the most notable attraction of these caves is the sculpture of Bodhisatva.
- Grouping:These 12 artificial rock-cut have been divided into three separate groups depending on their location. The first group has Cave 1 to 5, second group has Cave 6 to 9 and third group has 10 to 12. There is about 500 meters distance between first and second group and the third one is slightly further on east.
- Excavation:The earliest excavation of Aurangabad Caves date back to 2nd or 3rd century. Large scale excavation could not be taken place because if heterogeneous rock formation. However, the excavators underwent the process with caution and avoided the area where lose rocks were present.
- Cave 7:This is the most popular cave of all and has the most ornate inscriptions. The central shrine is encircled with a corridor that has recesses carved with shrines of Buddhist gods. The front wall of the verandah has enchanting representation of a panel of litany of Avalokitesvara and Bodhisatva on both sides of the entrance. The litany of Avalokitesvara here is more detailed than those in Ajanata and Ellora Caves.