Located towards the southwest of Guwahati city, Deepor Beel or Dipor Bil is a permanent freshwater lake, which is the erstwhile water channel of River Brahmaputra, placed towards its south side. This lake found itself in the list of wetland under the Ramsar Convention in November 2002, in the form of a Ramsar Site for conservation methods for being an environmental and biological significance.
In Assamese language, Beel means a huge aquatic body and it is known to be one of the largest Beels in the Brahmaputra valley of Lower Assam area under the Burma Monsoon Forest biogeography region. Deeper beel also has been declared as an Important Bird Area (IBA) with high priority for conservation by the BirdLife International.
Deepor beel is known to be natural habitat of as many as 219 species of birds that also includes over 70 species of migratory birds. It is known to be the largest gathering of aquatic birds during the winter season when around 19000 water birds can be spotted in one day. Lesser adjutant stork, spot-billed pelican, Pallas’ sea eagle, greater adjutant stork, and Baer’s pochard are some of the threatened avifauna species that can be seen here. Regular migratory birds here include Siberian crane, and water fowl.
Some of the land animals here include Wild Asian elephants, barking deer, leopard, elephants, sambar and Chinese porcupine.
Aquatic and other animals
Deepor Beel is home to around 12 lizard species, 20 kinds of amphibians, 6 tortoise and turtle species, along with 18 species of snakes. The wetlands and rivers here are called home by more than 50 species of fishes.
Best time to visit
October to March
How to reach Deepor Beel Wildlife Sanctuary
The nearest airport is the Guwahati Airport, which is located at a distance of around 15 km away. From the airport, taxis and bus are available for the sanctuary.
The nearest railway station is Guwahati Railway Station, around 20 km away. To reach the sanctuary, you can go on-board a local bus or can rent a cab.
Buses to the sanctuary are available from the destinations in Assam. You can also hire a cab.