Umananda Temple in Guwahati is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Located on Peacock Island in the middle of the Brahmaputra River, Umananda Temple is one of the famous ancient temples in Guwahati. The name ‘Umandanda’ is taken from two Hindi words called ‘Uma’, which is another name for Lord Shiva’s wife, and ‘Ananda’ meaning happiness.
Umananda Temple is situated on the top of a hill called Bhasmakala or Bhasmakuta on one of the smallest inhabited islands. The surroundings of the temple are beautiful, which makes it an ideal spot for nature lovers.
You will be surprised to know that apart from Lord Shiva, there are 10 idols of other Hindu Gods in the Umananda Temple Guwahati. The annual festival of Siva Chaturdasi is the most important festival of the temple. It is believed if someone visits the temple and worships on the day when Amavasya falls on a Monday, gets blessed with happiness.
Besides being one of the top places of worship in Assam, Umananda Temple Assam is a great place to just sit back and absorb the beauty of the place.
Everything you need to know about Umananda Temple
Umananda Temple Timings
Visit Umananda Temple in Guwahati for darshan between 5.30 am and 6 pm.
Best time to visit Umananda Temple
October to March is the best time to plan a visit to Umananda Temple. For the best experience, visit the temple during Maha Shivratri as it is celebrated here with great pomp and show. This festival is of the utmost importance here.
History of Umananda temple
Earlier the temple was known as Umamanda Devaloi, which means ‘the abode of Lord Shiva’. The temple was commissioned in 1694 AD by Bar Phukan Gadadhar Singha. However, the order was given by King Gadadhar Singha, who was one of the greatest kings of the Ahom kingdom.
If legends are to be believed Lord Shiva resides here as Bhayananda. The name of the mountain has been derived from the story which says Lord Shiva burnt Kamadeva into ashes when he interrupted Lord Shiva’s meditation. It is also said that at the beginning of creation, Lord Shiva scattered ashes at this spot and gave supreme knowledge to his wife, Parvati. Another legend says that the Goddess Urvasi lives on Peacock Island and brinks nectar or Amrit for Goddess Kamakhya. This is the reason the island is also known by the name Urvasi Island.
At the time of Mughal rule in Kamarupa, the Umananda Temple got donations from two famous Mughal emperors, Jahangir and Aurangzeb. The island on which this temple is located was originally built in 1694 AD by King Gadahar Singha. Later, in 1897, it was destroyed by an earthquake and a wealthy local merchant reconstructed it.
Architecture of Umananda Temple
Umananda Temple Assam is exquisitely designed and can be reached by a flight of stairs. You can see the mastery of the Assamese craftsmen and architects. Also, the sanctum sanctorum embeds the rock on which Lord Shiva sat to meditate.
How to reach Umananda Temple Guwahati
The temple is connected to Guwahati and North Guwahati by ferry on the Brahmaputra River. They are available from the Fancy Bazar ghat and the Sukleshwar ghats. Remember they are a bit expensive but offer quite an experience. However, there is a more affordable option. You can take the Inland Water transport that connects Peacock Island to the city of Guwahati from Uzanbazaar Ferry Ghat.
Frequently Asked Questions about Umananda Temple
Ans. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, Umananda Temple is known for its Maha Shivratri, which is celebrated with great enthusiasm. It is also famous for its architecture, peaceful surroundings, and scenic views.
Ans. Umananda Temple was built by King Gadahdhar Singha in 1694 AD.
Ans. Umananda Temple is located on Peacock Island in the middle of the Brahmaputra River and can only be reached by boat ride.
Ans. Guwahati to Umananda Temple distance is around 7.5 km and takes about 20 min to reach by ferry.