Kaza is the largest hamlet in the Lahaul Valley and Spiti Valley of Himachal Pradesh. Sited about 11,980 feet above sea level, lying along the Spiti River, the Kaza township is snuggled in the midst of high mountains with snowy summits, gleaming rivers, streams and barren splendor intermixed with patches of green.
Kaza and the Spiti Valley have strong geographical and cultural resemblances with Tibet and Ladakh. Kaza is the sub-divisional headquarters of Spiti Valley, thus an important administrative and commercial center. It is a base for tourist activities in the Spiti valley also known for its colorful festivals and the Sakya Tangyud Monastery.
Kaza is divided into two sections, Kaza Soma is the new town while the older one is Kaza Khas. The township has hotels, market, bus depot, hospitals and government offices. The older section of the town has the king’s palace, monasteries, gompas and other historical buildings. The town people survive in severe conditions in winters. They are known to produce exquisite handicrafts.
Kaza is blessed with mountainous terrain. The pristine locales attract visitors who want to indulge in adventurous activities and spiritual wellbeing alike. Adventure enthusiasts set the base camp for trekking, mountaineering and other adventures in the town. Pin-Parvati, Parang-La and Pin-Bhaba are some of the popular trails. A gentle stroll to villages around Kaza can also be an interesting experience. Once can also visit places like the Ki Monastery, Kibber and Komic Village, Nako, Pin Valley, Kunzum Pass and Chandratal Lake from Kaza.
Kaza can be reached from Kinnaur Valley and Lahaul Valley. The Kinnaur Valley route remains open throughout the year, the Lahaul Valley route remains open only during summers as the Kunzam Pass closes during winters. Winters are severe with the temperature reaching the sub-zero levels. Locals remain within the households and venture out only if absolutely necessary.
In the third week of August, Kaza is crowded with people from all over the region having come to attend the Ladarcha Fair. Dressed in their finest traditional attire, all sorts of goods are bought and sold.