Flora in Gir National Park
Flora in Gir National Park consists of a mixed deciduous forest interspersed with semi-evergreen and evergreen trees, scrub jungle, large patches of grasslands and rocky hills. It is the largest dry deciduous forest in Western India. The forest remains dry for most part of the year with scrub trees like babul and a few flowering trees. The trees on the hills are sparse and short.
You will find a distinct belt of vegetation along the main rivers and streams. The trees you can see in the deciduous forest are Teak, flame of the forest, Acacia, Banyan, Zizyphas, Jamun, Tendu and Dhak. The Teak bearing areas constitute nearly half of the total vegetation area.
The flora in Gir comprises of various species of plants like the Jambu, Karanj, Umro, Vad, Kalam, Charal, Sirus and Amli. These broad-leaved trees provide a cool shade and moisture content to the region. As part of the afforestation plan, Prosopis and Casuarina have been planted in the coastal borders of Gir.
The flora in Gir is also significant since the forest of Gir is an important biological research area with several scientific, educational, aesthetic and recreational values.