Kaziranga National Park is home to a vast biodiversity. It has been recognized as an Important Bird Area and this is why it is an ideal destination for bird-lovers as well. There are 479 species of birds here which includes both resident and migratory ones, most of which are threatened species. Other than that, the records say that Kaziranga National Park is home to 42 species of reptiles as well.
Kaziranga is one of the few places across the glove which has breeding population of three big cats outside Africa- namely- Clouded leopard, royal Bengal Tiger and Indian leopard. Other than this mammals found in the Kaziranga National Park are- sloth bears, Indian gray mongoose, hispid hare, small Indian mongoose, large Indian civet, small Indian civet, Bengal fox, golden jackal, Chinese pangolin, Indian pangolin, hog badger, Bengal slow loris, Assamese macaque, Chinese ferret badger, capped langur, golden langur and hoolock gibbon.
Large number of raptors is found inside the park and this is considered a good sign for healthy ecosystem. Birds inside the Kaziranga Park include- Kingfishers (Blyth's kingfisher), herons (white-bellied heron), pelicans (Dalmatian pelican, spot-billed pelican), shanks (spotted greenshank) and terns (black-bellied tern), Eastern imperial eagle, greater spotted eagle, white-tailed fishing eagle, Pallas's fish eagle, grey-headed fish eagle and the lesser kestrel, red-headed vulture, and Eurasian black vulture, Indian vulture, slender-billed vulture and the Indian white-rumped vulture, partridges (swamp francolin), bustards (Bengal florican) and pigeons (pale-capped pigeon), wreathed hornbill, great Indian hornbill, Jerdon's babbler, marsh babbler, Finn's weaver, baya weaver, Hodgson's bushchat, Old World warblers, rufous-vented prinia and black-breasted parrotbill.
Reptiles, fishes and amphibians
Bengal monitor, monocled cobra, water monitor, Indian cobra, common krait and Russell's viper. There is one species of tortoise (brown tortoise) and about 14 species of turtles inside the park including roofed turtle. More than 42 species of fishes, including the rare ocellated poutterfish, call the Kaziranga National Park home.