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Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

Location: Rajasthan

Main Wildlife Attractions: Cranes, Pelicans, Ducks, Flycatchers, Wagtails

Coverage Area: 29 Sq. Kms

Established: 1956

Best Time to Visit:October to March

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Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is also known as Keoladeo National Park in Bharatpur, Rajasthan. The largest Bird Reserve in India was declared as a protected sanctuary in the year 1971 and was included in UNESCO World Heritage Site list by the year 1985. It is also home to more than 230 resident and migratory bird species in a protected area of 29 sq km.



How to reach Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

By Air

The nearest airport to Bharatpur National Park is Jaipur airport at a distance of 190 km

By Rail

Bharatpur Junction, at a distance of 5 km is the closest railway station to Bharatpur bird sanctuary.

By Road

Bharatpur is well connected by roads from all major neighboring locations.



Bharatpur Sanctuary is the finest paradise for the birds. Officially known as the Keoladeo Ghana National Park is named after the ancient Shiva temple Keoladeo. Bharatpur National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage site located in the close proximity of Jaipur. You can also catch the colorful birds in your camera during a boat ride on Bharatpur Lake inside the park. Apart from 230 species of birds, several mammals know Bharatpur wildlife sanctuary as their home.

Bharatpur National park used to be a hunting spot for the royal of the Rajasthan and the British officials. It is said that in 1938, Lord Linlithgow, the then Governor-General of India alone killed over 4,273 birds in the park. Motor vehicles are not permitted inside the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. Spread over 29 sq. km, the park has exciting forest trails that can easily be covered on foot, a rickshaw, or a bicycle.

History of Bharatpur Bird sanctuary

Bharatpur sanctuary was established 250 years ago as a duck shooting spot for the royals. It became a national park on 10 March 1982. Initially, it was a waterbody flocked by birds for drinking water and the area used to get flooded. From 1726 to 1763, Maharaja Suraj Mal built the Ajan dam at the confluence of the rivers Gambhir and Banganga.In 1972 shooting was totally banned and the park was declared world heritage site in 1985.

Best Time to visit Bharatpur

Though this is a year-round destination, Bharatpur bird sanctuary best season is considered from August to November when you can view the resident birds. For a glimpse of the migrated birds, the best time to visit bharatpur is from October to February. Bharatpur bird sanctuary timings are from 6 am to 6 pm in the evening during summers and 6:30 am to 5 pm during winters.

How to reach Bharatpur

Bharatpur National Park is a popular tourist destination and is well connected to the other cities of India by all travel means of air, rail, and the road.

By Air:- The nearest airport at Agra is 56 km away from Bharatpur where daily flight land from Varanasi, Mumbai, Lucknow, and Delhi.

By Train:- Bharatpur is a junction connected to the major cities of India such as Jaipur, Agra, Mumbai, and Delhi. Also, 17 trains run daily between Jaipur and Bharatpur.

By Road:- Regular AC and non AC bus services are available from various cities of Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Delhi.

Know more details about how to reach bharatpur.

Flora & Fauna of Bharatpur

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is a wetland inhabited by both local and migrated birds and different kinds of mammals. The 29 Km2 Park is locally known as Ghana that means thick forest and the area is a blend of dry grasslands, woodlands, woodland swamps, and wetlands. There are 366 species of bird, 379 types of flowers, 50 species of fish, 13 species of snakes, 5 species of lizards, 7 amphibian species, 7 species of turtle, and a variety of other invertebrates found in this diverse land. You can spot migrated birds like Pelicans, Geese, Shanks, and, Wagtails during winter.

Recommend tour packages

Golden Triangle with Bharatpur Tour

Rajasthan Wildlife Tour

Stay at Bharatpur

The accommodation in Bharatpur bird sanctuary includes many luxury resorts and forest lodge. Some famous names include Hotel Laxmi Vilas Palace, Hotel Sunbird and The Birder's Inn that provide all modern amenities with stunning views. Forest Lodge Bharatpur is an ideal place equipped with facilities like money changers, broadband internet connection, car rentals, and guides for the bird safaris, etc.

If you wish to spend a lavish stay in Rajasthan, with complete Royal Experience, there are various Heritage hotels and five-star hotels in Bharatpur. But, nothing enhances a wildlife tour in Bharatpur than a stay in the wildlife resorts in Bharatpur. The wildlife sanctuaries offer a warm stay with amidst the beautiful surroundings. You wake up in the morning with the sweet chirping sounds of the birds, when staying in these wildlife resorts and it is an experience that one cherishes throughout his/her life. At a little extra cost, these resorts, with amazing facilities are ideal accommodations on a Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary Tour.

places to visit near Keoladeo National Park

The famous attractions near Bharatpur Sanctuary include Lohagarh Fort, Bharatpur Palace, and Rope Castle Adventure Park. You can go through the Bharatpur bird sanctuary information guide before visiting the park.

Opening and Closing timings of Bharatpur National Park

  • Summers: 0600 hours to 1800 hours
  • Winters: 0630 hours to 1700 hours

Charges of the National Park

  • Entry: Indian: INR 25; Foreigner: INR 200
  • Video: INR 200
  • Drivers: INR 100 per hour
  • Guide: INR 150
  • Bike Hire: INR 150

When was this National Park established?

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is a man-made habitat established by Maharaja Suraj Mal.  The town of Bharatpur, in the year 1760, was ravaged by floods and to protect the city, Ajan Dam was built. The dam led to the formation of depressions which were cleared to give birth to Bharatpur Lake.

In early 19th Century, the lake was distributed into many constituencies and became a popular bird hunting ground for the Royals.

By mid-19th Century, a ban was imposed on hunting activities. The area was announced as a National Park on 10 March 1982.

By 1985, it was included in UNESCO World Heritage Site list.

Tips for visitors to Bharatpur National Park

  • Basis formalities may take about an hour, so reach the spot accordingly
  • Carry water bottles, hat, sunglass, mosquito repellent, and binoculars
  • Drink a lot of water and wear sunscreen
  • Motor vehicles are prohibited inside the park
  • You may ride in a rickshaw, also, a boat ride is ideal for spotting birds
  • Harming the inhabitants is a punishable offense, you can watch them from a distance
  • Go for early morning or evening boat trips to see some exciting hidden treasures of the sanctuary.
  • Do not tease or harm any flora or fauna species. It is a serious offence.
  • If you are more interested in watching home bird species, the best time to visit is the months of April-September.
  • Reach an hour before the gates open to avoid facing problems in filing out formalities.