The Conservation History of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park dates back to 1969, when the entire park was renamed and renovated in accordance to the India Government. Conservation is an integral part of Ecosystem.
This is because of the need to protect the endangered species of animals that are useful to nature and also required to maintain an Ecological poise. Mainly due to the fatal encroachment of the poachers, the number of predatory animals, mainly the tigers, decreased considerably. Such was the condition that the entire balance seemed to tumble down because of a scarcity in their number.
To ensure the balance and to increase the number of tigers, and also other wild animals that were on the verge of extinction, National Parks were created. They provide a safe ground for these unique feral creatures and also make sure that the wild animals are safe from being killed inhumanly.
In days past, the Maharajas used to execute these animals for the sake of pleasure. Later the English also took part in these expeditions. As a result the number of animals decreased considerably. Those animals which were considered to be beneficial to humans, like the horn of Rhinoceros and the skin of tiger, were mainly encroached.
The need for conservation was felt and so the history of Conservation began for the Sanjay Gandhi National Park. The animals that required conservation are the Flying Civet, Hanuman, Langor, Palm Civet, Porcupine, Rhesus Macaque etc.
The Park was generally called the Krishnagiri National Park previously. But in 1969, a separate division was created under the supervision of the Indian Forest Services Department and it was named as the Borivali Area. To commemorate Sanjay Gandhi, son of Indira Gandhi, who died in a plane crash, this National Park was renamed as Sanjay Gandhi National Park.