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Wildlife Conservation in India

India is a home to a number of varied species of flora and fauna. Lots of measures are taken from time to time to conserve wildlife in India. Taking this to next level, Wildlife Tours were initiated in India and are one of the best ways to aware people about the importance of wildlife and wilderness for humans and other species.

By embarking upon wildlife tours, you get a chance to explore the popular tiger reserves, national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in India. Activities for wildlife conservation were encouraged with the establishment of Jim Corbett National Park in early 1930s. If the wildlife projects are to be considered, then Project Tiger leads the chart. It is because of these wildlife protection acts and measures that the population of endangered species have seen drastic improvements. Other wildlife conservation programs and projects which were initiated to safeguard the wildlife are mentioned below.

More Wildlife Conservation Projects and Programs

The Government of India came up with various Wildlife Conservation Projects and Programs to promote wildlife awareness amongst the people. Project Tiger, Jungle Lodges and Nature Camps are the few names that not only aid in protecting the natural heritage, but encourage eco-tourism as well. Let’s have a look at some of the remarkable ones.

Project Tiger– Aiming at ensuring a viable population of Bengal tigers in their natural habitat, this tiger conservation programme was launched in 1973.  The project is remarkably successful not only in conservation of tigers but also of the entire ecosystem. Nearly 47 tiger reserves are nestled in more than 17 regions including Ranthambore National Park and Jim Corbett National Park.

Project Elephant– Project Elephant was started in 1992 by Indian Government to ensure conservation of elephants and their habitat of migratory routes. The project also strives to protect elephant against unnatural death and poachers.

Gir National Park– Considered as one of the most important protected areas in Asia, Gir National Park is the only dwelling place of the Asiatic lions. Reckoned as one of the popular wildlife sanctuaries in India, Gir is home to 2,375 distinct species of fauna.

Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary– Tucked beautifully in Assam, Kaziranga National Park is famed for housing two-third population of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses. The sanctuary is also titled as the World Heritage Site.

Dachigam National Park- Dachigam National Park boasts of preserving the Hangul. Also known as Kashmir stag, it is the most famous subspecies of elk native to India. Initially, the park was established to ensure supply of clean drinking water to the city of Srinagar.

The NGOs– Various NGOs endeavor to protect Indian wildlife. Some of them are Wildlife Society of Orissa (Orissa), Rhino Foundation for Nature (Assam), Friends of Forests (Maharashtra), North Eastern Society for Preservation of Nature and Wildlife (West Bengal), Nature's Beckon (Assam), Nature Conservation Society Amravati (Maharashtra), The Friends of the Doon (Uttaranchal) and Bali Nature and Wild Life Conservation Society (West Bengal).

Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Various wildlife sanctuaries in India lure wildlife lovers and avid holidaymakers not only from India but from abroad as well. With 17 biosphere reserves and more than 500 wildlife sanctuaries in India to explore, one can rest assure of enthralling experiences.

Popular Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Park in India

  • Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh
  • Corbett National Park, Uttar Pradesh
  • Gir National Park & Sanctuary, Gujarat
  • Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
  • Kaziranga National Park, Assam
  • Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
  • Sunderbans National Park, West Bengal

 Popular Biosphere Reserves in India

  • Achanakmar-Amarkantak
  • Agasthyamalai
  • Dibru Saikhowa
  • Manas
  • Nanda Devi
  • The Nilgiris
  • Nokrek
  • Pachmarhi
  • Simlipal
  • Sundarbans
  • Cold desert
  • Seshachalam Hills

Importance of Wildlife Conservation in India

Wildlife in India is confronting the danger of extinction because of illegal trading, excessive poaching, pollution, loss of habitat and deforestation. Moreover, the disappearing wildlife holds great economic and scientific value and disturbs the ecological balance. Thus, wildlife conservation in India is surely the need of the hour.



Wildlife Conservation in India

Conservation Centers in India

The term ‘Conservation Areas in India’ refers to the well-demarcated large geographical entities...

The term ‘Conservation Areas in India’ refers to the well-demarcated large geographical entities with an established conservation plan. In India, a number of conservation plans have been set up for the purpose of studying, conserving and spreading about the betterment of the highly endangered species of wildlife.
NGOs In India

Owing to varying topography, India plays host to a good variety of plants, land and marine life. The...

Owing to varying topography, India plays host to a good variety of plants, land and marine life. The Wildlife Trust of India is a national conservation dedicated to the effective plan for the conservation of animal species.
Project Elephant

Launched in February 1992 by the Government of India, Project Elephant has been designed to combine...

Launched in February 1992 by the Government of India, Project Elephant has been designed to combine the programs for the conservation of elephant and its natural habitat. The project seeks to address the threats to the survival of elephants in our country.
Project Tiger

Established in 1973 with 9 Tiger Reserves, Project Tiger covers an area of 16,339 square kilometers,...

Established in 1973 with 9 Tiger Reserves, Project Tiger covers an area of 16,339 square kilometers, which has dramatically increased upto 37,761 square kilometers in 27 Tiger Reserves.
Conservation History of Eravikulam Wildlife Sanctuary

One of the top holiday destinations in India, Eravikulam Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1978...

One of the top holiday destinations in India, Eravikulam Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1978 as a part of the Idukki district of Kerala. The wildlife sanctuary is known for its stark beauty and unpleasant climate.
Conservation History of Gir National Park

The conservation history of Gir National Park takes us back to the early 1990’s when the...

The conservation history of Gir National Park takes us back to the early 1990’s when the population of Asiatic Lions dropped down to 15 due to slaughter. It deals with the conservation of Asiatic Lions, whose population had dropped tremendously.