India is a home to a number of varied species of flora and fauna. Lots of measures are taken from time to time to conserve wildlife in India. Taking this to next level, Wildlife Tours were initiated in India and are one of the best ways to aware people about the importance of wildlife and wilderness for humans and other species.
By embarking upon wildlife tours, you get a chance to explore the popular tiger reserves, national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in India. Activities for wildlife conservation were encouraged with the establishment of Jim Corbett National Park in early 1930s. If the wildlife projects are to be considered, then Project Tiger leads the chart. It is because of these wildlife protection acts and measures that the population of endangered species have seen drastic improvements. Other wildlife conservation programs and projects which were initiated to safeguard the wildlife are mentioned below.
More Wildlife Conservation Projects and Programs
The Government of India came up with various Wildlife Conservation Projects and Programs to promote wildlife awareness amongst the people. Project Tiger, Jungle Lodges and Nature Camps are the few names that not only aid in protecting the natural heritage, but encourage eco-tourism as well. Let’s have a look at some of the remarkable ones.
Project Tiger– Aiming at ensuring a viable population of Bengal tigers in their natural habitat, this tiger conservation programme was launched in 1973. The project is remarkably successful not only in conservation of tigers but also of the entire ecosystem. Nearly 47 tiger reserves are nestled in more than 17 regions including Ranthambore National Park and Jim Corbett National Park.
Project Elephant– Project Elephant was started in 1992 by Indian Government to ensure conservation of elephants and their habitat of migratory routes. The project also strives to protect elephant against unnatural death and poachers.
Gir National Park– Considered as one of the most important protected areas in Asia, Gir National Park is the only dwelling place of the Asiatic lions. Reckoned as one of the popular wildlife sanctuaries in India, Gir is home to 2,375 distinct species of fauna.
Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary– Tucked beautifully in Assam, Kaziranga National Park is famed for housing two-third population of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses. The sanctuary is also titled as the World Heritage Site.
Dachigam National Park- Dachigam National Park boasts of preserving the Hangul. Also known as Kashmir stag, it is the most famous subspecies of elk native to India. Initially, the park was established to ensure supply of clean drinking water to the city of Srinagar.
The NGOs– Various NGOs endeavor to protect Indian wildlife. Some of them are Wildlife Society of Orissa (Orissa), Rhino Foundation for Nature (Assam), Friends of Forests (Maharashtra), North Eastern Society for Preservation of Nature and Wildlife (West Bengal), Nature's Beckon (Assam), Nature Conservation Society Amravati (Maharashtra), The Friends of the Doon (Uttaranchal) and Bali Nature and Wild Life Conservation Society (West Bengal).
Wildlife Sanctuaries in India
Various wildlife sanctuaries in India lure wildlife lovers and avid holidaymakers not only from India but from abroad as well. With 17 biosphere reserves and more than 500 wildlife sanctuaries in India to explore, one can rest assure of enthralling experiences.
Popular Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Park in India
- Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh
- Corbett National Park, Uttar Pradesh
- Gir National Park & Sanctuary, Gujarat
- Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
- Kaziranga National Park, Assam
- Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
- Sunderbans National Park, West Bengal
Popular Biosphere Reserves in India
- Dibru Saikhowa
- Nanda Devi
- The Nilgiris
- Cold desert
- Seshachalam Hills
Importance of Wildlife Conservation in India
Wildlife in India is confronting the danger of extinction because of illegal trading, excessive poaching, pollution, loss of habitat and deforestation. Moreover, the disappearing wildlife holds great economic and scientific value and disturbs the ecological balance. Thus, wildlife conservation in India is surely the need of the hour.