Situated on the banks of the Yamuna River, Agra is known for its rich culture and Mughal heritage. It was the Mughal capital from 1526 to 1658 and the emperors built majestic forts and monuments during their reign here. Taj Mahal, the undying symbol of love, makes Agra an unrivaled tourist destination. This marvel is at the zenith of Mughal architectural splendor. Agra tourist attractions are the reason why the domestic and international travelers throng this city throughout the year.
Popular Agra tourist attractions
Check out the famous tourist sites in Agra city.
Taj Mahal : This is undoubtedly the most beautiful mausoleum in the country. It was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. Impressive features of this white marble monument include its fine blend of Central Asian, Persian, and Islamic architecture. Designed by a Persian architect Ustad Isa, the construction of this monument took 20,000 men and 22 years! Its majestic dome measures 213 feet in height and its interiors were in-laid with semi precious stones. The four minarets resemble those of a mosque which is integral to the Islamic style of architecture.
Agra Fort : Within minutes of the Taj Mahal stands the historic Agra Fort, another UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Agra city. This red sand stone complex was initiated by Mughal Emperor Akbar. Jehangir and Shah Jahan later added mosques and other structures in this fort complex. Tourist attractions here include the Moti Masjid or the Pearl Mosque, Shish Mahal (palace of glass) and the Nagina Masjid (gem mosque). You can also visit the Diwan-i-Aam and Musamman Burj.
Fatehpur Sikri : This third World Heritage Site in Agra is located around 35 km from the main city. It was the capital of Mughal Emperor Akbar from 1591 to 1585. It has a blend of Indo-Islamic architecture with the Buland Darwaza being its prime attraction. Towering 54 meters in height, it is the largest gateway to any monument in the world. Fatehpur Sikri has the tomb of Shaikh Salim Chisti, a famous Sufi saint.
Itimad-Ud-Daulah : Mughal Empress Nur Jahan built this tomb in memory of her father, Mirza Ghiyas Beg. Situated on the left bank of Yamuna River, it is among the popular Agra tourist attractions. The main mausoleum covers 24 square meters of area and is built on a raised platform. The white marble for construction was brought from Rajasthan and its interiors have images of trees, fruits and vases.
Other important landmarks in Agra include Akbar's Tomb at Sikandra, Jama Masjid, Chini Ka Rauza, and Ram Bagh.