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Climate of India


For a country of dimensions as vast as India, generalizing its climate can be a little tricky. The Indian landmass includes the Himalayas in the north and the arid Thar Desert in the West. An elongated Ghat section adorns its eastern, southern and western coastline. Further, the country boasts of the huge Deccan Plateau in its center. Owing to such diversity, the climate of India differs from place to place.


In fact, the climatic conditions in India vary regionally with changing the terrains and landforms. However, India is primarily a tropical country and Indian climate, diverse as it is, can be broadly segmented into four major seasons. Have a look at the four seasons and the temperature in India during that time.


  1. Winters – January, February and December (Average Temperature – 10°- 15°C)
  2. Summer – March, April, May and June (Average Temperature – 30°- 45°C)
  3. Monsoon – July, August and September (Average Temperature – 22°- 30°C)
  4. Post-Monsoon Autumn – October and November (Average Temperature – 15°- 20°C)

It is really advisable to keep an eye on the weather in India before planning any trip. The scorching heat during summer may simply become unbearable at a few places. Whereas, the winters at a times may bring along with them the bone-chilling effect. Usually, the country features a pleasant climate but it is better to avoid such places where it turns a bit harsh.


This is a table of the various climatic regions in India. You can plan your holidays in India keeping in mind the diversity in landform and the corresponding change in climatic conditions. Also, to help you with this Indian Holiday plans its seasonal itineraries based on each region's climatic characteristics. For example, if you are visiting in the months of May or June, we would offer a tailor-made itinerary to the Himalayas – Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh or Uttarakhand. However, if your choice of the tour is in the winter months of January or December, we'd suggest you visit Rajasthan, Delhi or Goa.


Our tour expert would further explain the climatic dynamics of the Indian subcontinent when you make an enquiry with us.

Name of Climatic Region States or Territories
Tropical Rainforest Assam and parts of the Sahyadri Mountain Range
Tropical Savannah Sahyadri Mountain Range and parts of Maharashtra
Tropical and Subtropical Steppe Parts of Punjab and Gujarat
Tropical Desert Most Parts of Rajasthan
Moist Subtropical with Winter Parts of Punjab, Assam, and Rajasthan
Mountain Climate Parts of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttaranchal
Drought Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Haryana
Tropical Semi-Arid Steppe Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, and other parts of South India

Climate in India

Rajasthan

Owing to geographical diversity, the climate in Rajasthan keeps on varying....

Goa

If the climate of Goa can be summed up in one word, then it is...

Kerala

Surrounded by the azure waters of the sea and shaded by the leafy coconut...

Himachal Pradesh

With varying climatic conditions all throughout the year, Himachal Pradesh...

Orissa

The climate of Orissa falls under the category of tropical monsoon type of...

Madhya Pradesh

The climate of Madhya Pradesh plays an integral role in dividing the state...

Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh is the one of the Indian states that takes pride in being...

New Delhi

New Delhi, the administrative capital of India is a much-visited destination...

Uttarakhand

Weather in Uttarakhand is influenced to a large extent by the geography of...

Jammu & Kashmir

As you know! The state comprises of three major territories – Jammu,...

Gujarat

Situated near the Chenab River, about 120 km to the north of Lahore, Gujarat...

Tamil Nadu

The climate of Tamil Nadu is heavily influenced by the geography of Tamil...

Andhra Pradesh

The weather of Andhra Pradesh is suitable for traveling. It may be a little...

Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh is a newly born Indian state carved out of the state of Madhya...

Daman and Diu

Daman & Diu the two islets feature a subtropical climate. Being closely...

Karnataka

Climate of Karnataka presents an exceptional diversity. While the hilly and...