Popularly known as ‘Land of Blue Hills’ and ‘Tea City of India’, Assam is a stunningly beautiful place dotted with lush valleys and sprawling meadows. The treasure trove of rich cultural heritage, natural wonders, diverse history, and distinct ecosystem, Assam is the gateway to the Northeast. It is one of the least explored regions in the country. Lush tea plantations, the mighty Brahmaputra River, and wild forests are the prime attractions of Assam. This state is renowned for its breathtaking locales, scenic vistas, and natural bounties.
Assam shares international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh due to which this state is culturally and traditionally diverse. It is a great place to sit back and soak in the serene nature. From scrumptious cuisines, vibrant festivals, pleasant weather, traditional dance forms to diverse wildlife, Assam is every traveler’s aspiration. It is home to ancient temples, royal palaces, museums, and world heritage sites, which makes your sightseeing tour delightful.
Assamese culture is an amazing fusion of Austric, Dravidian, Tibeto-Burman, and Thai influences. It is the largest tea-producing state of India with almost 52% of the production of the country. Kaziranga National Park in Assam comprises the largest population of one-horned rhinoceros in the world.
Dispur is the capital of Assam and a locality of Guwahati. The capital city has popular unique traditions, scenic vistas, and rich tribal culture. Boasts about Hindu temples, Dispur is enriched in flora and fauna. Assam is a beautiful state, which is also known for Assam Silk, handicraft, and handloom.
If you want to know more about the famous attractions, things to do, how to reach, the best time to visit, and travel tips, then we have curated this comprehensive Assam travel guide for you. Take a look and gather information to plan a hassle-free vacation.
Languages Spoken in Assam
Assamese is the official language of Assam, which is spoken by almost 20 million peoples in Assam. The other major languages of Assam include Bodo and Bengali. Bodo is majorly speaking in Bodoland Territorial Region and Bengali is in Barak Valley.
Where is Assam located?
Nestled in the Eastern Himalayas along Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys, Assam is a northeastern state of India. It is bordered by Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh to the north; Nagaland and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram, and Bangladesh to the south; and West Bengal to the west via the Siliguri Corridor.
Why should you visit Assam?
Assam is a paradise for tea lovers and wildlife enthusiasts. Home to several national parks, Assam is located along the length of Brahmaputra Valley. The stunning landscapes of the state are a treat for travelers. Some of the best places to visit in Assam would be Guwahati for its hilltop Kamakhya temple and Silk Bazar, Umananda Temple on Peacock Island in the Brahmaputra River, and the ancient pilgrimage site of Hajo and Madan Kamdev, known for its temple ruins. This state has a diversified background owing to having a long history with Aryan, Dravidians, Alpines, Tibetan, and Burmese.
It is among the best-unexplored destinations in the country, which houses some beautiful monuments, national parks, religious sites, museums, and villages. The breathtaking beauty of the state and diverse wildlife attracts a large number of nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts. The serene environs of Assam provide you the most authentic experience with the tribal culture. Bodo tribe and Mishing tribe are the most popular tribes of Assam. During the Assam trip, you can enjoy the music, dance, attire, and artwork of these tribes. Assamese cuisines are also among the best things of the state, which you must try during the tour.
Learn more about the attractions of Assam with this detailed Assam travel guide.
Kamakhya Temple, Kedareswara Temple, Doul Govinda Temple, Asvakranta Temple, Ugra Tara Temple, Maha Bhairav Temple, Tamresveri Temple
Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Dibru Saikhowa National Park, Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary, Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary
Trekking, camping, wildlife safari, boating, parasailing, river rafting, mountaineering, rock climbing, and mountain biking.
Aflong, Maibong, Umrangshu, and Diphu
Bihu and the Bagurumba (both danced during festivals held in the spring), the Bhortal, the Satriya, and the Ojapali dance
Assam Tea, singing bowls, pickles, traditional jewelry, Pat silk, Muga silk, Eri silk, Endi cloth, classy bamboo products like mats, baskets, and handheld fans
Popular Local Food
Machor Tenga, Duck Roast, Khaar, Aloo Pitika, Xaak Aru Bhaji, Oou Khatta, Paro Manxho
How to Reach Assam
Assam is well-connected by air, road, and rail from the major cities and towns of the country. It is among the prominent states along with the other northeastern states. Here is detailed information about how to reach Assam.
By Air – Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport is the primary airport that serves Assam. It is located 25 km from the city of Guwahati. Assam is easily accessible by flight through domestic airlines and international airports. It has direct flights to and from major cities of the country such as New Delhi, Mumbai, and Bangalore. And also from international destinations of Bhutan and Bangkok.
By Rail – Assam is well connected to other parts of the country by good rail services. There is a total of 259 railway stations in the state, which have excellent connectivity within the state and other major cities. There are several direct trains to and from Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Cochin, and Trivandrum. Guwahati, Dibrugarh, Goalpara, Nagaon, Tezpur, Jorhat, Silchar, and Golaghat, are the major railway hubs in Assam.
By Road – Assam has a good network of national and state highways. Assam State Transport Corporation or ASTC, a state-owned road transport corporation of Assam that provides bus services within the state and adjoining states. You can travel by road, via a bus, taxi, or private vehicle. The highways make for a smooth journey, while the stunning landscapes make the journey memorable.
How to get around Assam
You can commute within Assam by various options including buses, trains, or cab. Within the state, the road, and rail connectivity is excellent with which you can reach the furthest and the most remote corners of the state with ease.
Best time to visit Assam
Boasting pleasant weather for sightseeing and indulging in adventure activities, winters are the best time to visit Assam. From October to March, the weather in the state remains comfortable for outdoor activities. Being a northeast region of India, Assam experiences a tropical monsoon rainforest climate and receives heavy rainfall. Summers is also great to visit Assam and explore the best tourist attractions and engage in thrilling adventures. Here is detailed information about the best time to visit Assam.
Summers (April to June)
With temperatures ranging from 32° C to 38° C, Assam is not too cold and not too hot but is humid. It is the off-season in Assam and you may find some great deals on hotels. While in Assam in summer, explore tourist attractions like Kaziranga National Park, Jorhat, Majuli, Guwahati, and Dibrugarh for a refreshing time.
Monsoon (July to September)
The months from July to September receive heavy downpour, which may cause landslides. Assam experiences humid weather and the average temperature hovers around 28° C to 32° C. Avoid planning a trip to Assam in the monsoon as It can cause the Brahmaputra River to cause floods across the state.
Winters (October to March)
Winters is the best time to visit Assam with your loved ones. The temperature, during this time, ranges between 8 °C and 25 °C that allows you to explore the state in pleasant weather. You can also take part in a lot of festivals of Assam and during late spring visit Lakhimpur and Kaziranga National Orchid and Biodiversity Park to witness orchids. If you are an adventure lover, then October to March is the ideal time to indulge in adventure activities.
Places to Visit in Assam
Assam is blessed with aromatic tea gardens, lush jungles, ancient temples, gurgling waterfalls, national parks, and serene hills. There are a plethora of places to visit Assam where you can visit during the tour. The scintillating hills and valleys along tribal villages add charms to the pristine beauty of this state. It is an abode of Bodo and Mishing tribes, which have unique cultures and lifestyles. From monuments to religious sites, there is a wide range of tourist attractions in Assam that offers authentic experiences. It is also home to world heritage sites and renowned pilgrimage sites including Kamakhya Temple, which is among the 51 Shakti Peeth. Here is the list of popular places in Assam.
- Kaziranga National Park
- Haflong Hill
- Manas National Park
- Guwahati Planetarium
- Kamakhya Temple
- Tocklai Tea Research Centre
- Majuli Island
- Orang National Park
- Hoollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kakochang Waterfalls
- Haflong Lake
- Assam State Zoo And Botanical Garden
- Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary
- Padam Pukhuri
- Umananda Island
- Dipor Bil
- Nameri National Park
- Hajo: Stunning Temples
Things to do in Assam
There are numerous exciting things to do in Assam that will surely make you have an awesome time here with your family or friends. From strolling amidst lush greenery to indulge in adventure activities you can enjoy several things in Assam. Here are some of the best things to do in Assam:
- Explore Majuli - the largest river island in the world
- Water Rappelling at Amsoi
- Admire The Lush Green Tea Gardens of Dibrugarh
- Rock Climbing at Assam State Zoo
- Enjoy a wildlife safari in Kaziranga National Park and spot One-Horned Rhinos
- Attend Vibrant Festivals of Assam
- Forest Trek at Nameri National Park
- Take a Cruise Ride in the Brahmaputra River
- Visit Sualkuchi and witness the weaver’s magic
- Seek blessings at Kamakhya Temple
- Explore Digboi - Asia’s Oldest Refinery
- Indulge in River Rafting And Angling
- Embark on a pilgrimage tour to Hajo
Where to Stay in Assam
There is a wide range of accommodation options available in Assam. You will find decent and affordable stays to the luxury options which offer warm hospitality, prompt service, and comfortable rooms. Guwahati is a popular place to stay in Assam where you can enjoy the leisure vacations. The hotels and resorts of Assam cater to all kinds of travelers from family, friends, couples, and solo travelers. Some of the best places to stay in Assam are:
- Kaziranga Eco Village
- Wild Mahseer
- Greeny Villa Homestay
- Treebo Trend Umal Homestay
- Waah Kaziranga Lodge
- Hotel Lake Shilloi
- Kanoka Village Resort
- Kaliabor Manor
What to Eat in Assam?
Assam is renowned for its unparalleled culinary dishes. It has a distinct flavor that is marked by Bengali influence. Traditional Assam food comprises choicest herbs, fresh vegetables, and fresh fruits. Some of the best dishes of Assam are Khaar, Duck Meat Curry, Masor Tenga, Xaak Aru Bhaji, Oou Khatta, Paro Manxho, and Silkworm. Here is the authentic Assamese restaurant where you can savor the scrumptious local cuisines:
- Mising Kitchen, Guwahati
- Naga Kitchen, Guwahati
- Olio, Dispur
- Gam’s Delicacy Restaurant, Dispur
- Jungleciti’s Restaurant, Kuthari
- Landmark Woods, Kaziranga
Festivals and Fairs in Assam
Assam is a colorful state of northeastern India that celebrates a lot of colorful festivals with great zeal and vigor. It is also home to different tribes, which are renowned for their distinct cultures, customs, and lifestyles. Some of the major festivities in Assam include Bohag Bihu, Kati Bihu, Magh Bihu, Ambubachi, Biswakarma Puja, Dolyatra, Janmashtami, Rasa Puja, Barpeta, sabha, Bhel Diya Festival, Me-Dum-Me-Phi, Kamrup Bhatheli, and many more. You can attend these festivities and get the glimpses of the rich cultural heritage of the state. Ambubachi Mela, Brahmaputra Beach Festival, Elephant Festival, and Tea Festival are some of the other popular festivals of the state.
Nightlife in Assam
Assam is a perfect blend of modern culture and old worldly charm. Although, the state has not much nightlife in most parts except Guwahati. There are several bars, clubs, and lounges in Guwahati where you can enjoy the nightlife with your friends. Terra Maya, Underdoggs Sports Bar And Grill, Silver Streak, Kamikaze, Illusion Bar, Brooklyn Blues, and Reign are some of the popular places where you can visit to enjoy the nightlife in Assam.
Is it safe to visit Assam?
Yes, Assam is safe for tourists. It is one of the most beautiful places to visit in India, which attracts a good number of tourists every year. It is safe and secure to travel to Assam. However, it is not advisable to travel to Assam in the monsoon season as the region experiences heavy downpour, which may cause landslides.
How to save money on an Assam trip?
- Sharing jeeps are super cheaps. You can also use local transport as much as you can.
- Do not shop unnecessarily and you can buy souvenirs from street markets and shops.
- Plan an itinerary in advance to avoid last-minute hassles.
- Book your accommodation and train/ flight tickets in advance for discounted prices.
- Travel in the off-season to get discounts on flights and hotels.
Assam Travel Tips
- Pack your clothes according to the weather. Carry woolens in winters and light cotton clothes in summer. Also, carry an umbrella in the monsoon season.
- Carry important documents such as cash, photo identity proof, and tickets in waterproof bags. Also, keep them handy in case of urgent requirements.
- Research the places in advance about the place, village, or attraction you are visiting.
- Wear decent clothes at religious places. Also cover your shoulders and knees while visiting temples, monasteries, mosques, and gurudwaras.
- Do not cause any harm to the wildlife while visiting wildlife sanctuaries or national parks.
- Book the traveling tickets or accommodations in advance to save yourself from last minute troubles.
- Do not do any damage to the property like museums, monuments, zoos, etc.
- Imediately inform the local police stations if your valuables or documents get stolen or lost. Your documents can be misused.
- Learn local phrases, it will help you interact better with the locals.
- Always go with a registered tour guide. Some local tour guides can charge you way more with inauthentic information.