Project Elephant (PE) is a wildlife conservation project initiated in India in February 1992 with the aim to provide financial and technical support to major elephant bearing States in the country for protection of elephants, their habitats and corridors.
Though this centrally sponsored scheme began with a thrust on elephant conservation in the various elephant populous bio-geographical regions of the country, it expanded its view to adopt a more comprehensive approach to the subsidiary issues of human-elephant conflict and welfare of domesticated elephants.
The Project demarcated 13 States to implement its efforts to maintaining a viable Elephant population in their natural habitat. The states being:
- Andhra pradesh
- Arunachal Pradesh
- Tamil Nadu
- Uttar Pradesh
- West Bengal
For a better understanding of the main activities of the Project, they are listed below:
- Ecologically restoring the existing natural habitats and migratory routes of elephants
- Developing of scientific methods for conservation of elephant habitats and viable population of Wild Asiatic elephants in India and ensuring their continuance through planned management.
- Promoting measures for mitigating man-elephant conflict in crucial habitats and as far as possible negating the undue pressures of human and domestic stock activities in crucial elephant habitats
- Ensuring strictest adherence to "No poaching" acts formulated for Wild elephants and minimizing cases of unnatural deaths of elephants due to human or other interference.
- Research on Elephant management related issues.
- Conducting Public education and awareness programmes.
- Providing for veterinary care of the wild elephants.
- Undertaking Eco-development as a major step to fortify their efforts at wildlife conservation.