Set amidst Cardamom and Pandalam hills of western ghats in Kerala, Periyar National Park is home to some of the most exotic fauna in the world. Since the time of its declaration as a national park in 1982, it has been providing natural shelter to a huge reserve of Indian tigers and elephants.
Fauna in Periyar National Park is characterized by a rich diversity of vertebrates which are abundant in numbers. Although the figures are not well documented, the national park is believed to be playing a host to 62 species of mammals, 320 species of birds, 27 species of amphibians, 320 species of birds and 38 species of fishes. Owing to such a reserve of animals, Periyar National Park attracts a lot of wildlife enthusiasts.
Indian tiger, Elephant, Sambar, Barking deer, Mouse Deer, Indian wild dog, Gaur, Otter, Nilgiri Tahr, Wild Pigs, Niligiri Langur, Common Langur, Bonnet Macaque, Malabar Giant Squirrel, Striped-necked Mongoose, Sloth Bear, Travancore flying squirrel and Rare lion-tailed macaque.
Monitor lizard, King Cobra, Malabar Pit Viper, Striped Coral Snake,
Nilgiri wood pigeon, Blue-winged parakeet, Crimson-backed sunbird, Brahminy kite, white-bellied blue catcher, Malabar grey hornbill, Sri Lanka frogmouth, Rufous-bellied hawk eagle, Black baza and Spot-bellied eagle owl.
Periyar latia, Periyar barb, Periyar trout, Channa barb and Travancore loach.