The Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is situated adjacent to Nagarhole and Bandipur of Karnataka on the north-east and Mudimalai of Tamilnadu on the south-east. This sanctuary was established in the year 1973 as an essential part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. As history beckons this land was the battle field for the fight between the British and Pazhassi Raja.
Conservation of the biological heritage in the region has been the chief objective in establishing this natural reserve. The sanctuary is conserved following scientific processes keeping the general lifestyle of the tribal and other locals living in the fringes of the forest in mind.
The forest is preserved much to the delight of the thousands of visitors coming every year. The rich flora and fauna of the reserve are noticeable everywhere. The 345 sq. km stretched sanctuary comprises of occasional hillocks along with dense and thick forests. The conserved vegetation of the park includes mostly of teak, eucalyptus and grevelia trees. The climate has played its part in the growth of the vegetation.
Wayanad Wildlife Reserve is also known for its Elephants, whose number has increased to a great proportion after the sanctuary was inducted under Project Elephant, launched in 1991-92 to protect wild elephant population.