Rajghat in Delhi is the cremation site of Gandhiji, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi who is most reveredly remembered as the Father of Nation. This memorial is located between the main Ring Road which is now known as the Mahatma Gandhi Road and the banks of the Yamuna River, just southeast of Red Fort. Set amidst deep green lawns and fountains, Rajghat is surrounded by a lovely wooded area and several exotic trees creating a serene ambience.
The mortal remains of Mahatma Gandhi were cremated at this ghat or stepped embankment at the edge of the Yamuna river on 31st January in following his assassination while walking to his customary prayer meeting at Birla House.
The structure of the Samadhi reflects simplicity. The brick platform on which his body had been burned, a black marble platform of some twelve feet by twelve feet square and two feet deep and a surrounding while marble fence were erected and the shores were landscaped. The last words of Mahatma Gandhi, 'Hey Ram' are inscribed on the memorial platform which is flanked by an eternal flame.
Earthworks around the cenotaph protect it from the flooding Yamuna. Inside this enclosure trees were planted with and little square plots of white pebble stones added for decoration.
There are trees labeled near the platform planted by visiting dignitaries such as Queen Elizabeth II, Ho Chi Minh, the former Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitman and the former US president Dwight Eisenhower.
People of every class visit the memorial to pay their homage to Mahatma whom they fondly call the ‘Bapu’. Good parking facilities are available and all basic facilities for visitors are present within the premises.
Life of Mahatma Gandhi
Life of Mahatma Gandhi, the most respected political and spiritual leaders of the 1900's, has always been part of history-book stuff. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India. He got married to Kasturba at the early age of 13. He studied law in London and returned to India in 1891 to practice. In 1893 he took on a one-year contract for legal work in South Africa.
It was through witnessing the racism, prejudice and injustice against himself and other Indians in South Africa that Gandhi started to fight for his people's status and his own place in society. Gandhi stayed in South Africa for 21 years working to secure rights for Indian people. He employed a method of action called Satyagraha based upon the principles of courage, nonviolence and truth. He promoted nonviolence and civil disobedience as the most appropriate methods for obtaining political and social goals. In 1915 Gandhi returned to India at the end of his contract.
In May 1915, Gandhi founded an ashram on the outskirts of Ahmedabad and called it Satyagrah Ashram which is also known as the Sabarmati Ashram. There lodged twenty five men and women who took vows of truth, celibacy, ahimsa, non-possession, control of the palate and service of the Indian people. Gandhi's first major achievements came in 1918 when he started the Champaran agitation and the Kheda Satyagraha.
Using the principles of Satyagraha he led the campaign for Indian independence from the British Government. Gandhi was arrested several times by the British for his political activities. He taught the Indians the need of unity among the different religions, languages and classes of society and used several fasts in order to advocate the principle of non-violence. It was the Rowlatt Bill with its denial of civil liberties which finally brought Gandhi into active Indian politics. From 1919 to his death in 1948, he occupied the centre of the Indian political arena and changed the entire character of the political scene in India.
On August 15, 1947, India was partitioned and became independent. Gandhi refused to attend the celebrations in the capital and went to Calcutta where communal riots were still raging. On January 13, 1948, at the age of 78, he began a fast with the purpose of stopping the bloodshed. After 5 days, the opposing leaders promised to stop the fighting and Gandhi broke his fast. Twelve days later, a Hindu fanatic, Nathuram Godse assassinated him.
Fast - Facts:
Here are some facts about the Rajghat which would help you to have a quick glance of this famous memorial in Delhi. Also, this will make it a lot more convenient for you.
This memorial is located between the main Ring Road which is now known as the Mahatma Gandhi Road and the banks of the Yamuna River, just southeast of Red Fort.
A prayer service is arranged for on every Friday, the day he was assassinated, at 5.30 pm in the evening.
How to Reach
Rajghat being located in the capital city, can be reached from any corner of the country.
Nearest International Airport: Indira Gandhi International Airport
Nearest Railway Station: Old Delhi Railway Station
Nearest Metro Station: Kashmiri Gate
Nearest Bus Stop: Local buses from various points
The places nearby the Rajghat are some of the most popular tourist spots in Delhi. If you are planning for a visit to this famous memorial, keep some time for a trip to these unique sites. Rich in historical and cultural significance, these places are a must-see.
Nearby Attractions of Rajghat in Delhi are Vijay Ghat, Vir Bhumi, Shakti Sthal, Shanti Van, National Gandhi Museum, Zinat-ul-masjid, Feroz Shah Kotla and Khuni Darwaza.
Just near the small artificial lake, to the extreme north of landscaped gardens of Rajghat, is Vijay Ghat, where India's second Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri was cremated in 1966.
Located next to Rajghat is the memorial of the youngest prime minister of India, Rajiv Gandhi. Rajiv Gandhi was the first son of Indira Gandhi. He was appointed as prime minister within hours of his mother's assassination in 1984. He was assassinated by an LTTE suicide bomber, at Sriperumbudur in Tamil Nadu, in 1991.
Located to the north of Vir Bhumi, Shakti Sthal is the memorial of India's first and only lady Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi. She was the only child of Jawahar Lal Nehru, India's first prime minister.
It is the memorial of India's great leader and first prime minister, Jawahar Lal Nehru. It is located to the north of Shakti Sthal and Rajghat. Jawahar Lal Nehru is considered as the father of institutional democracy of the country.
National Gandhi Museum
This two storey museum is located just opposite the Rajghat. It has a very rich collection of photographs, relics, memorabilia associated with Mahatma Gandhi and also books, journals and documents, audio-visual materials, exhibitions and art pieces.
It is also known as 'Ghata Masjid'. Built in 1707 AD by Zinat-ul-Nissa Begum, the daughter of Emperor Aurangzeb, the mosque is believed to be a replica of the magnificent Jama Masjid on a smaller scale.
Feroz Shah Kotla
Located near the famous Feroz Shah Kotla Cricket Stadium, it was the majestic citadel of Ferozabad, the Fifth city of Delhi. The great builder and Emperor Firoz Shah Tughlaq built the city of Ferozabad with its citadel in 1354.
Khuni Darwaza or Bloody Gate was built by Emperor Sher Shah Suri in 16th century, as one of the gates of his city Shergarh. This double storied majestic gate got its name after the first war of Indian Independence in 1857 when a British officer killed the remaining descendants of the last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar. The bodies were displayed for public viewing before taken to Kotwali.
This is not all. The places near Rajghat have some of the finest places to eat and shop. Hotel Inter-Continental in Connaught Place, Karim Hotel, Ghantewala sweet shop, food stalls near Jama Masjid, Paranthewali gali, Natraj hotel, Chor Bizarre of Broadway Hotel, Daryaganj's Flora, Peshwari, Moti Mahal Restaurant, Worker's canteen of Inter-State Bus terminal and legions of roadside food stalls will give a taste of a lip smacking variety of cuisines. Of course, the dishes typical to Delhi are not to be missed.
Chandni Chowk for curios, souvenirs, silver and glass bead jewelry, Nai Sarak for books, Chor bazaar for electronic goods, Daryaganj book market on Sunday and Chatta Chowk in Red Fort for traditional and contemporary jewelry and handicrafts are famous shopping spots near the Rajghat.