Set in the foothills of Aravalis in Jaipur, Nahargarh fort is one of the most visited forts in Rajasthan. The fort offers a breathtaking view of the Pink City. Built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in the 18th century, Nahargarh fort was originally named Sudarshangarh Fort. Nahargarh means 'Abode of Tigers' and was adopted as the name, as the fort is a frequented site of the beasts. One of the major tourist attractions of Jaipur, Nahargarh Fort is known for its strong defence. The fort shares an extended wall which connects it to the Jaigarh Fort.
History of the Fort
Nahargarh Fort was built in 1734 by the founder of Jaipur, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. It was built in the Aravalli hills, as a hunting retreat for the royalty. A tale from history states that the construction of this fort was completed after pacifying the spirit of a Rathore prince, Nahar Singh Bhomia.
Though Nahargarh Fort has not been ever attacked in history, it has witnessed the treaties with the Maratha forces in the 18th century. It also played a role in the Indian Mutiny of 1857, as the king of Jaipur, Sawai Ram Singh, sheltered the Europeans of the region, including the British Resident's wife in this fort.
Attractions of the Fort
The 18th century Nahargarh Fort is a specimen of marvelous Indo-European architecture. The popular attraction in Jaipur has many structures worth exploring. At the entrance of the fort, in 'Tadigate', there is a temple dedicated to the revered deity of Jaipur rulers. There is another temple, dedicated to the Rathore prince, Nahar Singh Bhomia whose spirit obstructed the construction of the fort and was later appeased.
A popular tourist attraction in Nahargarh fort is the 'Madhavendra Bhawan' built by Sawai Madho Singh. The architect of the marvelous palace was Vidhyachar Bhattacharya, the person who designed the Pink City, Jaipur. The two-storey building was built as royal lodging for the king and his twelve queens. The interiors are beautifully adorned with murals and stucco designs. It is divided into nine similar apartments and each of these apartments has a lobby, bedrooms, toilets, kitchen and store.
The Jaipur Wax Museum is the newest attraction in the Nahargarh fort complex. It is the first wax museum in the world to have been set up at a heritage site. There are 32 wax exhibits here. The notable attraction is the lifelike statue of Amitabh Bachchan, the legendary Bollywood actor being the highlight. A stunning recreation of an 18th century royal courtroom, Vishramgraha is also worth visiting. It houses traditional costumes, artefacts, paintings, a royal buggy, and antiques of Jaipur’s royal family.
Nahargarh Biological Park is surely a not to miss place. The park spreads over an area of 7.2 sq. km of thorny landscape and is home to many animal species. Tiger, Leopard, Asiatic Lions, Sloth Bear, Deer, Desert Fox, Wild Boar, Rhesus Monkey and Langur are the well-known inhabitants. A wide variety of bird species is also found in the park. The Nahargarh Fort is an interesting place to check out in Jaipur. Enjoy the wonderful environs, history and attractions.