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Daranghati Wildlife Sanctuary

Location: Himachal pradesh

Main Wildlife Attractions: Musk deer, Goral,Thar,Monal,Tragopan,Koklas

Coverage Area: 167 sq.kms.

Established: 1962

Best Time to Visit:May to November

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It lies at the northern (Manglad Gad) and southern (Nogli Gad) sides of the Dhauladhar mountain range in the valley where tributaries meet the Sutlej River. It used to be a game reserve of the Raja of Bushahr. The area around the sanctuary is dotted by a number of wooden temples that Himachal Pradesh is famous for.

How to reach Daranghati Wildlife Sanctuary

By Air

The nearest airport is at Jubbarhatti (23 kilometers from Shimla).

By Rail

The nearest railway station is at Shimla and You can board a toy train from Kalka to Shimla and then drive to Sarahan (177 kilometers from Shimla).

By Road

Buses and cabs are easily available for Sarahan from Shimla. Daranghati is just 35 kilometers trek from Sarahan.

Area and Altitude:
Manglad Gad and Nogli Gad cover a total area of 167 square kilometers with varying altitudes of 2,100 to 3,315 meters above sea level.

Forest Cover:
Situated in the west Himalayan biogeographic zone, the forest cover of the sanctuary includes sub alpine, sub tropical broadleaf hill, alpine moist pasture and alpine moist scrub forests.

Climate and Visiting Season:
The sanctuary experiences an annual temperature of -15 to 28 degrees centigrade. Rainfall (750 millimeters) occurs between the months of July and September. The best time to visit the sanctuary is during the months of May, June, October and November. If you are adventurous, December to February offers a challenging and exciting time. Be prepared for heavy snowfall during these months.

Flora at the Daranghati Sanctuary:
You will find cedar trees in the altitudes of 1,900 meters to 3,000 meters above sea level. As you trek above 2,000 meters elevation you will find coniferous trees of spruce, blue pine and silver fir. Other plants found all around the sanctuary are various oak species, Himalayan yew and fruit trees of pear, plum, apricot, cherry and almond.

Fauna at the Daranghati Sanctuary: An endemic and vulnerable pheasant called western tragopan is the main attraction of this wildlife sanctuary in Himachal Pradesh. Tourists from India and the world over visit this sanctuary to get a glimpse of this bird, which is known as the "King of Birds" (jujurana). You can identify these birds by the white spots on its grayish black feathered body (for males) and deep red patch on its neck. During the months or May and June, you can find nests in the hollows of trees where they breed.

Other pheasants that you can easily spot are Himalayan monal, koklas and kaleej. Among the animals, musk deer, barking deer, goral, serow, Himalayan tahr, Himalayan blue sheep and ibex are common ungulates found in this sanctuary and Asiatic black bear, brown bear, leopard, red fox, Himalayan weasel, yellow throated marten, Himalayan palm civet, jungle cat, striped hyena are the common carnivores. Bears usually hibernate in the winter so you might not find any bear in this season, but do look out for the Himalayan blue sheep grazing on the higher altitude cliffs.

Things to do in Daranghati Sanctuary:

Adventure enthusiasts will love trekking to Daranghati from Sarahan or along the old silk route, from Shimla to Daranghati through Nakranda, Baggi, Sungri, Taklech and Kareri. You can stay at the rest houses at Daranghati and have a peaceful vacation amidst the Himalayan landscapes. Make sure you do not litter and harm any living being in the sanctuary.