Situated at an altitude of 3,133 m above the sea level, Badrinath Dham is sandwiched between Nar and Narayan mountain ranges. It is one of the most revered pilgrimage sites in India and is among the Char Dhams including Dwarka, Puri, and Rameshwaram. Badrinath is also among the Chita Char Dhams of Uttarakhand including Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri.
With the beautiful backdrop of Neelkanth mountain peak, this pilgrimage site is nestled beside the Alaknanda River. Badrinath Dham is dedicated to Lord Vishnu, the preserver. The famous temple of Hindus, Badrinath was built by the Garhwal kings about 2 centuries ago. It was founded and restored by Adi Guru Shankaracharya. The temple is 15 meters in height and has a dome of a gilt bull and spire. Within the temple complex, there are 15 idols sculptured in black stone. Lord Vishnu in a meditative posture flanked by Nar and Narayan is the principal idol while other images of Goddess Laxmi, Garud (Vishnu's mount), Lord Shiva, Parvati, and Ganesha are also there.
Badrinath Temple is easily accessible by road. It remains covered by snow for almost six months. Here is the Badrinath travel guide with which you can get detailed information about the Yatra including the best time to visit, how to reach, places to visit, and accommodation. Take a look at the guide which can help you to plan the Badrinath Yatra in the best way.
History and Legends of Badrinath Temple
It is one of the most legendary temples in the country, which has numerous mythical tales associated with it. As per the legends, Lord Vishnu has performed rigorous penance here and he was in a meditation state when the weather condition gets severe. To protect him from the scorching heat of the sun, his spouse Goddess Lakshmi acquired the shape of a Badri tree and spread it over him. Lord Vishnu was pleased with her devotion and named the place after her as Badri ka ashram.
Another legend states that there were two sons of Dharma, Nar and Narayan who wished to take refuge in the Himalayas. To set up their hermitage they were searching for the place and during the search, they led to a discovery of four sites of Panch Badri namely Yog Badri, Dhyan Badri, Bridha Badri, and Bhavishya Badri. Finally, they came across the place that was blessed with the hot and cold springs behind the Alaknanda River. They named this place Badri Vishal and this is how this town got its name.
Badrinath Temple Opening & Closing dates 2021
Badrinath Temple opens its doors for devotees in April/May every year and gets closed in October/November. Each year the opening dates of the temple kapats are fixed on Basant Panchami while the closing dates are decided on Vijaya Dashami.
The holy shrine of Lord Badri in Uttarakhand remains open for six months a year. Badrinath Temple is located deep in the mountains of Uttarakhand and the region receives heavy snowfall, which makes it inaccessible in the winter season. On the auspicious occasion, the idol of the Lord Badri brings back to the Badrinath who spend their winters at Joshimath.
Badrinath Temple Aarti
Special Poojas are performed on the behalf of the devotees in the temple. They can be booked online on the official website of the Uttarakhand Char Dham Devasthanam Management Board (UCDDMB). The daily rituals start very early at around 4:30 AM with Maha Abhishek and Abhishek Pooja and end at around 9:00 PM with the Shayan Aarti. The temple opens for the general public for Darshan at around 7:00 AM and closes between 1:00 PM to 4:00 PM.
Places to visit in and around Badrinath Temple
Besides the holy shrine of Badrinath, there is much more to see. Soaked in the ambiance of mythology, some of the must-visit places in and around Badrinath are:
1. Mana Village - It is known as the last Indian village before the borders of Tibet/China in the Himalayas. Located in the district of Chamoli by the River Saraswati, the village is designated as a ‘tourism village’ by the state government. After the blessings of the lord, the village recuperates your spirits.
2. Tapta Kund - A natural hot water spring lying near the temple serves therapeutic purposes at such heights. The Kund is believed to be an abode of Lord Agni and lies near the Alaknanda River. The steaming water soothes the body and soul.
3. Charan Paduka - Among the must-visit sites in Badrinath, Charan Paduka is magnificent. According to the legends, the beautiful rock has foot impressions of Lord Vishnu. It is believed that Lord Vishnu sets his foot first on earth here.
4. Mata Murti Temple - This sacred Hindu temple is situated on the right bank of the Alaknanda River. The holy shrine is dedicated to the mother of Nar and Narayan. It is known to host two fairs in the honor of the Goddess that attracts a large number of devotees.
5. Narad Kund- In the embrace of snow-covered mountains, Narad Kund is a hot water spring. Naturally enclosed by a rock the bay in the river is among the most prominent tourist attractions in Badrinath. The sacred place is to be believed the site from where Adi Shankaracharya found the idol of Lord Vishnu and founded the Badrinath Temple.
6. Bheem Pul - Named after the mythical character, Bheem the strongest of the Pandavas, the bridge is one of the must-visit sites. Built over the Saraswati River, Bheem Pul allows a glimpse of the beauty of the surroundings.
7. Ganesha Cave – Nestled in the Mana Village, Ganesha Cave is a naturally formed cave that is associated with one of the tales of the Mahabharata. It is said that Lord Ganesha penned down the epic narrated by Sage Vyas. Offering a view of the magnificent vistas of the Himalayas, the cave is one of the best places to visit in Badrinath.
8. Brahma Kapal - Of great significance to Hindus, Brahma Kapal is one of the holy sites in Badrinath. It is believed that Lord Brahma exists here to this day and if one pays homage to the site and performs funeral rituals for the deceased in their family one gets salvation from the constant circle of life and death.
9. Sheshnetra - Associated with the tales of mythology like the other places in Uttarakhand, Sheshnetra is a holy place. It is believed to be the place where Lord Vishnu took retreat as a snake by the name Ananta Shesha.
10. Vyas Cave - The ancient cave on the way to the Mana Village is beautiful along with a touch of mystery. As per the legends, the great Sage Vyas narrated the Mahabharata in this cave.
11. Panch Dhara and Panch Shila – Of the revered sites in Badrinath, a group of five water streams that originate at Badrinath as well as five mountain blocks is worth mentioning. The five streams are Prahlad Dhara, Kurma Dhara, Bhrigu Dhara, Urvashi Dhara, and Indira Dhara. The revered blocks are Garud Shila, Nar Shila, Narsingh Shila, Varaha Shila, and Markandeya Shila, each with their own tale associated with ancient mythology.
12. Vasudhara Falls- Settled amid natural beauty, Vasudhara Falls near the holy city of Badrinath is one of the most enchanting sights. It is believed that one free of guilt can enjoy the bliss of the falls.
13. Alkapuri Glacier- The source of River Alaknanda, the Alkapuri Glacier is set at the base of Balakun Peak at 4,600 m. The marvelous beauty inspires devotees to feel its magic.
14. Saraswati River- Named after the Goddess of wisdom, the tributary of Alaknanda River flowing in Uttarakhand is one of the holy attractions.
15. Surya Kund- The hot water spring near Badrinath is situated near the famous Narada Kund. Here people take a dip in the thermal waters before visiting the holy temple. It is believed that bathing in the waters absolves all sins and grants salvation.
How to reach Badrinath Temple?
Badrinath is well connected with the major towns of Uttarakhand and cities of North India by all modes of transport. One can reach Badrinath via NH 334 and NH 7 from the national capital. Several government-run and private buses ply regularly from Delhi, Dehradun, Haridwar, and Rishikesh. The nearest airport from Badrinath is Jolly Grant Airport, Dehradun, which is situated at 307 km. Rishikesh railway station is the nearest railhead, which is 294 km. Pilgrims can board a bus, catch a shared taxi, or hire a private taxi from the respective place for Badrinath.
Helicopter service is also available for Badrinath Dham from Sahastradhara helipad, Dehradun. The temple is located at 1.8 km from Badrinath helipad that can be traveled by road.
Best time to visit Badrinath
The best time to visit Badrinath is from the months of May to June and September to October. Badrinath Temple opens for six months and it remains closed in the winter season due to heavy snowfall. The ideal season to visit Badrinath Dham is the summer season and post-monsoon season. Summers remain balmy and comfortable for the Yatra. In the monsoon season, the region receives heavy downpour which causes landslides and makes Yatra difficult. Post monsoon, the region experiences cold and pleasant weather. However, in winter the Badrinath region receives heavy snowfall which blocks the roads and the temple remains closed during this time.
The idols shift to the Joshimath in the winter season and pilgrims can visit Narasimha Temple in winters to seek blessings from Lord Badri.
Accommodation Facility in Badrinath
There are several ashrams, hotels, guest houses, lodges, and resorts available in Badrinath for pilgrims and guests. It is advisable to book the accommodation in advance as during the Yatra season the region has a large number of pilgrims. At that time the chances are fewer to get good accommodation at fair prices.
Badrinath is at a high altitude and pilgrims can stay at Joshimath. They can complete the Badrinath darshan in a single day trip. Following options of accommodation are available at Badrinath Dham and nearby places.
Guest Houses of Uttarakhand Char Dham Devasthanam Management Board (UCDDMB) at Badrinath. They can be booked online on the official website portal. Dharamshalas of various organizations at nominal charges. Private hotels, guest houses, and ashrams. Hotels, guest houses, and lodges at Joshimath (around 45 Km from Badrinath)
Registration for Badrinath Yatra
It is mandatory to carry a registration slip for Badrinath Yatra, which can be obtained by two modes – online and offline mode. The online registration can be done on the official website of Char Dham registration. For offline registration, there are several centers assigned in Uttarakhand where you need to show photo identity proof. Some of the recognized registration centers are Haridwar railway station, Rishikesh bus stand, Janki Chatti, Guptkashi, Phata, Uttarkashi, and Joshimath. It is compulsory for everyone to carry a registration slip for Darshan at the temple.
Tips for Badrinath Yatra:
- Carry light woolens in summers and heavy woolens in winters.
- Wear comfortable and sturdy shoes during the Yatra.
- Do not forget to carry your medicines and a first-aid kit.
- Always carry important documents including photo ID proof along with Yatra slip.
- Avoid wearing heavy jewelry and uncomfortable clothes.
- Carry water and dry eatables.
- If you are traveling by your own car, then make sure the vehicle is in good condition and has good ground clearance.
- Driving in the hills after sunset is not allowed and is not safe as well. So plan accordingly.
List for Non-Attending Puja/Paath/Bhog/Aarti in which presence of pilgrim is NOT required at the temple
|Abhishek Puja (Bandhan)||For 10 years||INR 44201|
|Akhand Jyoti Annual||Annual||INR 4951|
|Ashtottari Path (Bandhan)||For 10 years||INR 4031|
|Atka Prasad by the Ordinary Mail||For 10 years||INR 421|
|Atka Prasad under Regd. Post||For 10 years||INR 980|
|Bal Bhog (Bandhan)||For 10 years||INR 7301|
|Bhagwan Nar-Narayan Janmotsava||Shravan Month||INR 4951|
|Chandi Aarti (Bandhan)||For 10 years||INR 2731|
|Deep Malika Utsava||Deepavali||INR 4951|
|Kapoor Aarti (Bandhan)||For 10 years||INR 1951|
|Kheer Bhog||-||INR 911|
|Mahabhog (Bandhan)||For 10 years||INR 32501|
|Mata Murti Utsava||Vaman Dwadashi||INR 4951|
|Nitya Niyam Bhog||-||INR 10551|
|Nitya Niyam Bhog||Deities of Subordinate Temple||INR 6351|
|INR 6351||-||INR 101|
|Shri Krishna Janmashtami Utsava||-||INR 10551|
|Srarwani Rudrabhishek||Shravan Month||INR 11701|
|Swaran Aarti (Bandhan)||For 10 years||INR 5201|
|Vishnu Sahasranamavali (Bandhan)||For 10 years||INR 9101|
|Vishnu Sahasranamam Path (Bandhan)||For 10 years||INR 7411|
|Yatri Bhog||-||INR 101|
Rate List for Attending Puja/Paath/Bhog/Aarti in which presence of pilgrim is required at the temple
|Abhishek Puja||4:30 AM to 6:30 AM||-||INR 4100|
|Akhand Jyoti||-||One Day||INR 1451|
|Ashtottari Puja Between||6:00 PM to 9:00 PM||For 10-15 minutes||INR 351|
|Chandi Aarti||6:00 PM to 9:00 PM||For 5-10 minutes||INR 351|
|Entire Pujas of a Day||-||-||INR 11700|
|Geeta Path-||3:00 PM to 6:00 PM||-||INR 2500|
|Kapoor Aarti||6:00 PM to 9:00 PM||For 5-10 minutes||INR 151|
|Maha-Abhishek Puja||4:30 AM to 6:30 AM||INR 4300|
|Shayan Aarti with Geet Govind Path||-||End of the Day||INR 3100|
|Shrimad Bhagwat Saptah Path||-||For One Week||INR 35101|
|Swaran Aarti||6:00 PM to 9:00 PM||For 5-10 minutes||INR 376|
|Ved Path||7:30 AM to 12 noon||-||INR 2100|
|Vishnu Sahasranama Wali Path||6:00 PM to 9:00 PM||For 10-15 minutes||INR 576|
|Vishnu Sahasranamam Path||6:00 PM to 9:00 PM||For 10-15 minutes||INR - 456|