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Arts And Crafts Of Uttarakhand

Uttarakhand, a mountainous state, enjoys special privilege for being that part of the subcontinent wherefrom the Indian Civilization developed and proliferated to the pan-Indian dimension. Therefore, this region has been an excellent repository of diverse cultures since the intermingling of Khasa and Kirati cultures that took place here ages ago.

However, the tradition of painting in Uttarakhand art remained confined only to what earlier used to be the Garhwal kingdom. The art of Miniature Painting flourished in Garhwal under the influence of Mughal and Western Pahari schools, and that too without any feudal patronage. Therefore, the arts and crafts of Uttarakhand, of which a wide variety exist, demand and indeed deserve a closer look.

Arts and Crafts of Uttarakhand - The Performing Arts

The performing arts of Uttarakhand, like most other folk cultures in India, revolve around rustic music and dance. The colorful tribes and clans have the indigenous dance forms that they perform with local instruments and song accompaniment. The Bhotiya Dance and the Langvir Dance have commonly performed dances in Uttarakhand.

The Crafts of Uttarakhand:

The arts and crafts of Uttarakhand are most popularly expressed in the skills practiced in Uttarakhand for ages now. The three areas in which the crafts of Uttarakhand are best reflected are:

Wood Carving:-

The wood carving of the region is breathtaking for its simple, beautiful designs. Wooden front doors carved with floral designs, animals & fishes stand out for their simple beauty. The carving on one's front door is supposed to be symbolic of his prosperity. In Garhwal & Kumaon, the facade of the dwelling units' upper stories is wooden and artistically carved.

Paintings:-

Garhwal is famous for Mughal-style paintings. Apart from that, the folk Art known as aipana is a specialty of Kumaon. It is a local adaptation of alpana, derived from the Sanskrit lip-to plaster with fingers and is practiced by the womenfolk. The other schools or types of paintings practiced in this region are the pitha, the art form used to decorate the seat of Siva on auspicious days with geometrical patterns, and chowki, the (center) of Lakshmi and Saraswati, using floral and traditional designs.To know more Click here!

Ornaments:-

In every part of Garhwal and Kumaon, traditional goldsmiths make traditional ornaments using motifs and patterns thousands of years old. The ornaments come in a variety of gold, silver, copper, and brass.






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FAQs about Arts and Crafts of Uttarakhand

Q: What is the famous handicraft of Uttarakhand?

Ans. Some famous handicrafts of Uttarakhand are -

  • Ringaal Products, found in Dharamgarh and Nachani
  • Kumaoni Folk Art, found in Nainital
  • Pashmina Shawls, found in Munsiyari and Dharchula
  • Woolen Products, found in Ranikhet, Almora, etc.
Q: What is the art and culture of Uttarakhand?

Ans. Uttarakhand is divided into two parts - Garhwal and Kumaon. While Garhwal is famous for its paintings, Kumaon is known for Aipan art. Other aspects of Uttarakhand culture include folk dance, traditional music, attire, and food.

Q: What is the painting of Uttarakhand?

Ans. Uttarkhand’s Garhwal region is famous for Mughal-style paintings, and Kumaon has a folk art called Aipan. Apart from this, paintings of Gods and Goddesses like Lakshmi and Saraswati are quite famous in this state.

Q: What is the art and architecture of Uttarakhand?

Ans. The architecture of Uttarakhand is mainly seen in its temples. They are built in the Nagara style of architecture or the Garhwali style of architecture with spire (shikhara or tower-like architecture). They are placed on a high platform accessed by stairs. They have a lotus-shaped roof and a projection of a lion set over the elephant over the lower shikhara.