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Arts and Crafts in Uttar Pradesh

Vivid and ancient like the land, arts and crafts in Uttar Pradesh are a timeless treasure. Discover the mysteries as you explore the legacy that the state has produced. Dating back to the prehistoric era, the artistic creations are a part of the history, culture, and tourist experiences. The plethora of art, crafts, carvings, sculptures, performances, traditions, and many masterpieces handcrafted by the skilled artisans of the trade add to the fascinating range of arts and crafts.

Here are some of the important arts and crafts in Uttar Pradesh

Stone Craft

When it comes to the marvelous arts and crafts, the Stone Craft of Uttar Pradesh deserves mention. These skills date long back to the days of the yore, while they flourished abundantly, especially under the rule of Mughals especially. The most magnificent example of craftsmanship in stone is the Taj Mahal. The white-marble mausoleum is breathtaking, one of the wonders of the world and A UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Elaborate carvings, sculptures, decorative times, and other tokens serve as the most popular creations. The must-visit places to marvel at the artistry include Agra, Varanasi, and Fatehpur Sikri.


The finesse of pottery creations in Uttar Pradesh is a legend. The history of artistry dates almost 600 years back. In the state, Meerut, Khurja, and Hapur are the places that have earned reputation with their skills. Though handmade, the pots come embellished with beautiful floral designs and patterns in vibrant colors.

A unique creation of pottery is Surahi, a vessel with a long neck. They are used in summers to keep the water cool while also looking great as a decoration. Clay and Terracotta Sculptures are also handmade masterworks that look attractive and are integrated into the very fabric of the culture of Uttar Pradesh.


Among the fascinating arts and crafts in Uttar Pradesh, the skillful embroidery of Chikankari captivates you. Chikan's work is one of the proud creations of art and craft Lucknow Uttar Pradesh. The skillful embroidery of white thread on fabrics is beautiful beyond words.

History states that Empress Nur Jahan, wife of Mughal Emperor Jahangir, is the one who invented the intricate needlework. The dexterous masterpieces of fabric make for comfortable as well as regal-looking clothing.

Zari Embroidery

The oldest city of Uttar Pradesh and, as records state, as old as civilization, Varanasi is well-known for the artistry of zari work. Traditionally, real threads of gold and silver are molded to create beautiful designs and patterns on sarees and other dress materials. The heavy, worked upon fabric bears a royal look.

Banarasi sarees of erstwhile Benares are famous for their exquisite zari work. The traditional sarees are an indispensable part of Hindu marriages in North India. There are dedicated communities that create these artistic masterworks that have for generations crafted such wonders. Visiting the villages is amazing as one can glimpse into the village life of Uttar Pradesh, watch creativity at work and take home some fond memories.

Glass Ware

Molded glassware is one of the awe-inspiring arts and crafts in Uttar Pradesh. Colorful glass bangles, beautiful chandeliers, jewelry, decanters, cutlery sets, small trinkets, and much fine glassware are handcrafted in the state. Earning a reputation globally is 'Firozabad', also called the 'City of Bangles'.

Carpet Weaving

Adopting the skills of Persians, carpet weaving in Uttar Pradesh has very much become one of the wonderful arts and crafts of the state. The roots of the most popular handicraft date back to the days of Mughal rule. To date, the tradition is kept alive and has not earned national and international reputation, also called 'Carpet City'. Here you can check out the finest silk carpets crafted with delicate Persian patterns and look stunning.

Hand Printing

The oldest craft in India, as well as Uttar Pradesh, is hand printing. The patterns and the skill that has survived the modern times have re-emerged as one of the commendable arts and crafts of the country. The traditional fabric patterns are butis (polka dots) and the 'tree of life', paisley, Persian pickles, etc. which are the most impressive creations.

The city of Farrukhabad is lauded for hand printing. In recent times, wooden blocks are also used, keeping the fascinating craft alive and evolving.

Metal ware

Owing to its long history, Uttar Pradesh is widely associated with the artistry of metalware. Metals are molded into interesting designs that look attractive.


Artistic musical performances are also a part of the arts and crafts that have originated in Uttar Pradesh. The oldest city of the civilization, Varanasi is known for its ancient music traditions. The style of singing, musical instruments, and the ragas and tales are unique. Interestingly, Varanasi is listed among the UNESCO "Cities of Music" under the Creative Cities Network. Moreover, dedicated music festivals are held along the banks of River Ganga that celebrate the ancient traditions.


Performing arts are a part of Indian culture in Uttar Pradesh. Nautanki, Khayal, Ramlila, and Raslila are some popular names. Each with roots in ancient history has evolved over the centuries. While some narrate the tales of Indian mythology, some share roots with foreign traditions, especially Persia.

The arts and crafts of Uttar Pradesh show a glimpse of the state's rich culture. On your holidays in Uttar Pradesh, look at the fascinating treasure.

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Uttar Pradesh Cities